Recurrent or reactivated maternal CMV infection
poses a much lower risk to the fetus.
The outcome of CMV infection
of the lungs was peribronchial and widespread interstitial fibrosis with thickening and vast deformation of the interalveolar septa.
Although 90% of OB/GYNs reported knowing that washing hands reduces the risk for CMV infection
during pregnancy, a smaller proportion were aware that not sharing utensils (57%) and avoiding children's saliva (55%) reduces infection risk (Table 2).
To address which assay is preferable, one must predetermine the purpose for which the assay is required: sensitive detection and monitoring of CMV infection
or identification of patients at risk of CMV disease.
This may possibly be due to earlier acquisition of CMV infection
in India in childhood compared to the western populations, leading to higher seroprevalence even in younger adults (10).
A number of other blood tests can suggest a diagnosis of CMV infection
, but no blood test can reliably diagnose it.
Two federally approved drugs, ganciclovir and foscarnet, fight CMV infection
in people with AIDS.
Older adults may be more susceptible to CMV infection
by virtue of age-related changes in immune function.
The mortality rate from CMV infection
is as high as 90% if it is left untreated.
CMV retinitis was found in the majority of referred children with probable systemic CMV infection
Further guidance regarding PJP and CMV infection
are provided as follows: All patients should receive prophylaxis for PJP during treatment with Zydelig.
In immunocompromised patients, CMV infection
can cause interstitial pneumonia, nodules (inflammatory or haemorrhagic), organizing pneumonia and (in severe cases) diffuse alveolar damage.
2) Strategies for the prevention of CMV infection
have been associated with significant reduction in incidence and severity of disease.
3) The colonic mucosa is a preferred site of reactivation, while CMV infection
of the small bowel is rare.