cell

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Related to CD4 cells: Lymphocytes, T cells, viral load, CD4 T cells
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  • noun

Synonyms for cell

Synonyms for cell

any small compartment

Related Words

a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction

a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement

a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver

small room in which a monk or nun lives

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References in periodicals archive ?
The goal of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in HIV is to bring down the viral load and increase the CD4 cell count so that the body reconstitutes its immune system AND increases the CD4 count to a manageable level of 500 and more.
Can chemoprophylaxis against opportunistic infections be discontinued after an increase in CD4 cells induced by highly active antiretroviral therapy?
The distribution ofcryptococcal antigenemia was highly varying with CD4 cell levels.
Increasing virulence of the virus was suggested by an annual fall in CD4 cell count of approximately 5 [cells/mm.sup.3] and an increase in viral load set-point of 0.013 log10 copies/ml.
A treatment strategy that includes interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART) guided by patients' CD4 cell counts was deemed detrimental in 2006 by investigators in the Strategies for Management of Antiretroviral Therapies (SMART) trial.
HIV destroys CD4 cells, and doctors monitor patients' CD4 levels to determine when to start drug therapies.
With an active viral replication, the rate of CD4 cells destruction might outweigh the rate of production of newer cells.
The risk of infant death was reduced the higher the maternal CD4 cell count.
HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, weakening the immune system.
CD4 cells are transduced with the vector and subsequently expanded in culture for 8-11 days to more than 10 billion cells prior to reintroduction into the patient.
* Other researchers showed that HIV grew much better and evolved much faster in HIV-specific CD4 T cells than in other CD4 cells. This is not surprising, because the cells that recognize the virus become activated as a result, and HIV grows much faster in activated cells.
As HIV attacks and destroys CD4 cells, the weakened immune system becomes less able to fight infection and disease.
In the animals given DNA vaccines, a transient loss of CD4 cells occurred (lymphopenia) that was not seen in animals given adenoviral vector vaccines.
Researchers eventually learned that people with the Delta 32 mutation lack a functional gene coding for producing a receptor called CCR5--one of two chemical "locks" on the surface of CD4 cells that HIV can penetrate.
Doctors can track the progress of HIV infection by measuring the number of CD4 cells in the blood.