Roland Betancourt delves into Byzantinism
in Anglo-American culture, arguing that Byzantinism
is used to 'produce pockets of resistance and momentary states of emancipation' (p.
Although the dominance of Wethey's magisterial assessment of the canonical production of the artist and his assistants has teased scholarship since 1962, the significant work of the following decades was not so much in attribution as in the reappraisal of all the various interpretations of El Greco--ranging from his supposed Byzantinism
to his supposed astigmatism.
Just as significant, however, are the author's observations on comparative politics and comparative communism, as he places Romania into the context of Byzantinism
, fascism, Leninism, Stalinism, and post-Stalinism, and helps to explain why Romania differed so radically from its East European neighbors both during and after communist rule.
As an example one can mention Florovsky's famous Ways of Russian Theology, which perceives the entire Russian theological tradition through the spectacles of Byzantinism
; the result, characterized by Berdyaev as "The Waylessness of Russian Theology", (21) was a merciless critical analysis, razing the whole of Russian theological tradition to the ground.
One of the targets of the Marxist sociology of religion was precisely the mystical and liturgical isolationism, especially the obsolete byzantinism
of Orthodoxy in Russia and Romania.
"We have here, says La Civilta Cattolica, "a psycho-sociological attitude, not always free of servility, typical of the court mentality that arises -- outside the pure doctrine of personal papal infallibility -- as an abnormal growth on that doctrine, [producing] a proliferation of papolatry and courtly Byzantinism
A parody of the byzantinism
of a certain type of literary hermeneutics a la mode is also evident in the pursuit of the onomastic clues of characters in Julia Marquezim Enone's novel, a pursuit that ends up by leading the essayist/speaker to remote bibliographic sources like Eudoxus of Alexandria or Giambattista della Porta.