byssus

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Synonyms for byssus

tuft of strong filaments by which e

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References in periodicals archive ?
Further, collagen and collagen-like molecules in byssal tissue coordinate with L-DOPA-containing adhesive proteins and confer tensile strength to the byssal threads (Qin and Waite, 1995; Coyne et al., 1997; Martinez Rodriguez et al., 2015).
The key, they found, lies not in the glue that the mussel uses to attach its beard to a surface, but in the intrinsic nature of the byssal threads themselves.
To determine whether attachment strength and byssal thread production were inducible responses, we outplanted juvenile mussels (length = 20-30 mm) collected from a low predation site to all sites (n = 50 mussels/site).
trossulus byssal thread attachment remains unqualified, along with other factors that inherently differ between laboratory and field conditions (e.g., duration of the feeding interactions, environmental variability, available search area), indicates that patterns of predation in the field are unlikely to exactly match patterns observed in these or indeed any laboratory-based experiments.
New recruits (<5 mm) present in each cleared plot were counted, taking particular care to check the byssal threads.
Larger mussels produce more byssal threads, each with a larger diameter (Bell and Gosline, 1997).
In some species of mussels, the ability to produce byssal threads is retained through the adult stage, a form of neotenous evolution that allowed mussel species to diversify and make the transition from infaunal to epibenthic dwellers (Yonge, 1962; Stanley, 1972).
Effects of temperature on byssal thread production by the freshwater mussel, Dreissena polymorpha.
The range of byssal thread production by individuals during the 12-h reattachment period was 4 to 26 threads/mussel.
Unfortunately, data of the first byssal reattachment during the experiment could not be acquired because video quality in darkness was not enough to identify new byssal threads.
They accomplish this with small adhesive byssal threads that contain DOPA--a modified amino acid that includes an organic compound that preferentially bonds with metal atoms present on the surface of most rocks.
The byssal threads they use to affix to surfaces allow them to resist the forces that would tear them from their moorings.
Recently a team of researchers from RIKEN found the inspiration they needed to improve titanium surfaces by studying mussels, who are able to attach themselves to smooth metallic surfaces thanks to special proteins found in their byssal threads.
3) Are there tradeoffs between growth in body mass and growth of byssal threads, the protein-rich extensions used to anchor individuals to the rock?