Here all Baltic peoples, Byelorussians
and Ukrainians stand near to the Russians with Swedes, Poles, Germans and Hungarians far behind and Italians or Scotsmen even farther.
Sukhorenko said that it is a multi-discipline park, and not only Chinese or Byelorussian
economic entities will be launched
* As a result of this debate, the Soviet Union omitted the reference to the threat "by Germany" and did not specify against whom it intends to protect the Ukrainians and Byelorussians
. Instead, the statement read: "Soviet Union considered itself obligated to intervene to protect its Ukrainian and White Russian brothers and make it possible for these unfortunate people to work in peace." (337)
It has been calculated that the Nazis were responsible for the deaths of eighteen million non-combatant civilians in the period 1939-1945, including two million non-Jewish Poles, a quarter of a million Gypsies, a quarter of a million mentally disabled Germans, two million Byelorussians
, and so on.
Ukrainians, Germans, Jews, and Byelorussians
constituted nearly a third of the population, their national identity unclear and provisional.
Russians, Ukrainians, Byelorussians
, Polish, and Germans gradually left the region beginning in the 1970s and increasingly since perestroika and independence.
(11) Two key unofficial texts on the language question are Letter to a Russian Friend: A Samizdat Publication from Soviet Byelorussia (London: Association of Byelorussians
in Great Britain, 1979) and Aleh Biembiel, Rodnoje slova i maralna-estetycny prahres (London: Association of Byelorussians
in Great Britain, 1985).
In 1920, when an outside investigator asked a peasant in Belarus, on the frontiers where Russians, Poles, Lithuanians, Byelorussians
, and Ukrainians all mingled, who he was, the only answer that came back was "I am a Catholic of these parts." (Macmillan 2001: 20) Nowhere was it more difficult than the Balkans.
The census distinguished the "nationalities" of those who were counted--identifying Ukrainians, Germans, Byelorussians
, and Jews in addition to the majority Poles.
The Russians, and the Ukrainians, and Byelorussians
, and Georgians, and Jews."
(47) Freely combining into one pseudo-historical panorama material from seven centuries of German/east European history, (48) this short sketch tells how a horde of east European invaders, under the overlordship of the vnglaubigen tyrannischen volck, die die zeit Honnen genennt werden, aber nu Vngern, (49) but also including Goths (Gotten), Slavs (Wenden und Schlawannen), Russians (vorder Reissen = Byelorussians
), and Tartars (Tatern), was destroyed by a Teutsche confederation drawn from all parts of Germany by the tenth century Saxon king (here kaiser) Henry the Fowler (Hainrich der Vogler).
In 1986 the Soviets allowed the Lithuanians, Byelorussians
and Ukrainians to participate in similar kinds of analysis.
Since many minorities were either regarded as enemies (Germans, Hungarians, Bulgarians, and Turks) not even represented at the Conference, or suffered the consequences of being associated with revolutionary Russia (the Russians, Byelorussians
, and Ukrainians), the Jewish organizations meant the only prospect of representation at the negotiating table in Paris.
The Conference of Free Byelorussians
, The Estonian World Council, The Lithuanian World Community, The World Congress of Free Ukrainians, The World Federation of Free Latvians.
"No one has borne so much of the suffering as the Russians, Ukrainians and Byelorussians
" (Solzhenitsyn, 1974, p.