Samdhong Rinpoche's explanation that "Since the establishment of Buddhism in Tibet
through royal patronage and initiative, the unique and the famous expression chos srid zung 'brel, meaning the union of Dharma and Polity became the popular expression for describing the culture of state policy" (Tibet 34), can be considered equivalent to the second definition given by Hor gtsang 'jigs med.
Each of these masters, as will be discussed individually, had a special impact on Buddhism in Tibet
. They established teachings, were active fundraisers, and left behind equally powerful tangible and non-tangible legacies.
Thus, from the beginning of Buddhism in Tibet
and for well over a millennium since, the Tibetan government has been keenly involved in both religion and education.
This article offers some new evidence on Padmasambhava, the Indian master who, according to legend, was instrumental in establishing Buddhism in Tibet
. In the course of my research on tantra in the Tibetan manuscripts discovered near Dunhuang, I have found two passages relating to the early development of the legends surrounding this famous Buddhist master, neither of which have been studied to date.
The International Campaign for Tibet's 122-page illustrated report ''When the Sky Fell to Earth: the New Crackdown on Buddhism in Tibet
'' uses translated internal government documents smuggled out of Tibet and eyewitness accounts to back its claim.
An article in the British press says that Kelsang tells his followers he believes Buddhism in Tibet
is dead because of the Chinese occupation and that it has already died in India.
A similar distance to the west is Tirthapuri, a sacred hot spring sanctified by Guru Rinpoche who helped found Buddhism in Tibet