Buchman, "Utilization of the buccal fat pad flap for congenital cleft palate repair," Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol.
Mishra, "Pedicled buccal fat pad flap for intraoral malignant defects: a series of 29 cases," Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery, vol.
Since the versatility and usefulness of the buccal fat pad was already proved and particularly due to its proximity to posterior region, raising of the buccal fat pad and covering of the remaining defect with nasolabial flap raised on a small area, will reduce the efforts of the surgeon in reaching inaccessible areas also reducing the range of widening of commissure.
The extent of the defect that was replaced by NLF along with BFP was much wider with minimal tension in comparison with buccal fat pad or nasolabial flap alone.
The Buccal Fat Pad (BFP) was exposed through a horizontal incision posterior to zygomatic buttress through the reflected flap.
Buccal fat pad with skin graft was first used by Egyedi in closure of maxillary defects.
* The buccal fat pad
is attached by 6 ligaments to the maxilla, posterior zygoma, and inner and outer rims of the infra-orbital fissure, temporalis tendon and buccinator membrane.
Hashimoto et al., "The osteoblastic differentiation ability of human dedifferentiated fat cells is higher than that of adipose stem cells from the buccal fat pad
," Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.
It was concluded that buccal fat pad
is a convenient, feasible and quick method of reconstruction for sealing intraoral defects.
Martin Granizo Use of buccal fat pad
to repair intraoral defects: review of 30 cases.
Key Words: Minor oral surgery, dental extractions complications, buccal fat pad
flap, oroantral fistula.
The buccal fat pad
(BFP) is a supple and lobulated mass, easily accessible and mobilized.
Buccal fat pad
can be used for OAF repair due to its proximity to recipient site14 Tongue flaps created from dorsal, ventral or lateral aspects are also used for OAF repair8 A variety of grafts, including auto-genous bone, allogenous materials, xenografts and synthetic materials have been used with a varying success8, 15, 16,17 under general anesthesia with buccal advancement flap procedure were included in the study.