Williams attributes Vergil's divergence from tradition to the poem's historical background--the Pact of Brundisium
brokered by Pollio between Antony and Octavian.
He himself, however, set out from Brundisium
and in 49 days he had brought Cilicia into the Roman Empire.
Of these works, it is generally the earliest of his creative efforts, the book of ten pastoral poems known as the Eclogues, which is included in catalogues of Classical utopianism, and in such catalogues it is the fourth or Messianic Eclogue which receives the greatest emphasis.(4) This poem takes the form of an epithalamium ("marriage hymn") composed in the wake of the political settlement between Antony and Octavian, the so-called Pact of Brundisium
concluded in 40 BC, and it evinces Virgil's hope for an end to the seemingly endless cycle of violence, an end to limitless ambition and greed.
She influenced the decision to confirm Deiotarus in his kingdom and was with Antony in Brundisium
when he faced the mutinous soldiers from Macedonia.
Best known of the author's works, the novel imaginatively recreates the last 18 hours of the poet Virgil's life as he is brought to Brundisium
. Broch, an Austrian Jewish refugee from Hitler's Europe, concerns himself here and in his other works with the place of literature in a culture in crisis.
45 For Balbus missing Lentulus at Brundisium
, see Cicero, Att.
Castor sciat an Dolichos plus; Brundisium
Minuci melius via ducat an Appi (19-20).
As a friend and adviser of the young Octavius Caesar (later Augustus ), Maecenas was instrumental in arranging the Peace of Brundisium
(41 bc ), which temporarily reconciled Octavius with Mark Antony.
In addition to foisting the pubescent Clodia off as a bride on the hostile Octavian, she is said to have paraded her children before her husband's soldiers in the conflict leading up to Perusia, and to have fled with them after Perusia to Brundisium
before meeting up with Antony and his mother Julia in Athens.
(7) A search for a common denominator of travel narrative in Latin literature would undoubtedly have to begin with Horace's "Iter Brundisium
between Minturnae and Sinuessa (line 5 inter Minturnas Sinuessanumque Petrinum).(17) Since, however, it was at Sinuessa that Horace was joined by Vergil and friends on his journey to Brundisium
described in Satires 1.5 (39-41 namque/Plotius et Varius Sinuessae Vergiliusque/occurrunt), both the placename itself and its position in the hexameter would perhaps have had further resonance for Torquatus and the rest of Horace's audience.(18)
Thereafter, the evidence becomes sparse indeed (partly, perhaps, because the new Roman roads channelled activity away from the Greek cities to those preferred by the Romans such as Brundisium
); after the Civil Wars, L.
Lucullus (late 67); Pompeius ambushed and utterly defeated Tigranes, causing him to surrender his conquests (65); remaining in the East, he consolidated Roman control of Asia Minor (66-62); returned to Rome, disbanding his army at Brundisium
(Brindisi), and celebrated a third triumph (September 28-29, 61); as a political figure in Rome (61-50), he was isolated largely because of suspicions about his ambitions; joined with Julius Caesar and M.