In chapter 6, "An Anthropological Laboratory," anthropologists such as Bronislaw Malinowski
adopted cultural relativism on topics such as witchcraft and encouraged African participation in research.
"Entre arte e ciencia, ou o etnografo como heroi romantico: Bronislaw Malinowski
e o trabalho de campo antropologico." Ethnologia 6-8 (1997): 39-54.
By the early 20th century, such scholarly voyeurism would be taken up in the anthropological studies of Bronislaw Malinowski
with his 1929 publication of The Sexual Lives of Savages.
Whereas other anthropologists, such as Bronislaw Malinowski
, approach myths as a source of information about ritual and religion, Wiseman argues that for Levi-Strauss myths are also esthetic objects.
In A shadow falls, by contrast, Beatty dispenses with all of these scholarly accoutrements--he makes no mention of other anthropologists or any scholarly literature, save a fleeting reference to Bronislaw Malinowski
on page 134 and another on the same page to Claude Levi-Strauss.
's Argonauts of the Western Pacific (1922)--a text contemporary with Eliot, Joyce, and Woolf's great works--emerges as the foundational text for this new methodology.
, for instance, observed that among the Trobriand Islanders he studied, magic worked alongside the accurate empirical observations and technical capacity needed to build seaworthy canoes and cultivate productive gardens (20) The magic Trobrianders practiced over their canoes and crops, therefore, was something other than a misguided attempt to interfere with natural processes.
The last non-Kenyan to win the event was Pole Bronislaw Malinowski
who took gold at the 1980 Moscow Games, which the Kenyans boycotted.