Broca's aphasia


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Synonyms for Broca's aphasia

aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, script training approach should be introduced and implemented as a treatment intervention for patients with aphasia.13 The current study was planned to observe the effectiveness of script training for patients with moderate to severe Broca's aphasia.
Siguroardottir and Sighvatsson (2003, 2005, and 2006) worked with four people with Broca's aphasia whose onset of symptoms ranged from 1?
There are no treatments for Wernicke's aphasia or Broca's aphasia, but there are treatment methods which can be applied for example to particular phonological disorders or certain disorders of lexical semantics.
Since most people are right-handed, the affected area is usually in the left hemisphere, and in the case of Broca's aphasia, the damage is most often to the left posterior frontal lobe, and may also involve white matter and the basal ganglia of the brain.
Reading for Meaning: A Case Study of Deep Dyslexia (30 min) opens with Elaine Funnell in conversation with Jim, who has both word-finding difficulties and poor grammatical construction in his speech (and his description of the cookie-theft picture from the Boston Aphasia Test confirms his Broca's aphasia).
Neuropsychology, as a separate discipline, is generally regarded as beginning with Broca's study of a patient with intact comprehension and a specific linguistic production deficit (a syndrome now known as Broca's aphasia), and his proposal (Broca [1861]) that speech is localized in the inferior posterior portion of the left frontal lobe of the brain.
* Expressive aphasia (also called motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia, and Broca's aphasia) involves difficulty in conveying thoughts through speech or writing.
Script training emphasizes on improving the fluency of speech, attempts to restore the effortless, natural, and automatic language production for patients specifically with Broca's aphasia.6
Different subtypes of aphasia syndromes are often mentioned in neurology and cognitive neurosciences, including Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, conduction aphasia, amnesic aphasia, and transcortical aphasia [41-46].
The former contends that the observed specific deficit for verbs stems from difficulties in processing the argumental structure of sentences (e.g., in agrammatic Broca's aphasia) (Saffran, 1980, 1982).
Based on these results, the diagnosis was severe non-fluent Broca's aphasia. The severity and variety of symptoms is likely related to the history of multiple CVAs, probably affecting diverse cortical and subcortical areas.
evaluated 65 aphasia patients during the acute stage and reported a mean age of 55.1 for Broca's aphasia, 65.5 for Wernicke's aphasia, and 64.6 for global aphasia (14).
reported statistically significant improvements in sentence production following a semantically oriented treatment with a participant with Broca's aphasia and a selective verb-retrieval deficit [6].
report the use of a default preposition; in Swedish, Ann-Cristin Mansson and Elisabeth Ahlsen report the creation of some morphologically analyzable nonwords by a speaker with Broca's aphasia, as do Itziar Laka and Lore Erriondo Korostola for Basque, and Marja-Liisa Helasvuo, Anu Klippi, and Minna Laakso for Finnish.
In complete occlusion symptoms include contralateral gaze palsy, hemiplegia, hemisensory loss, spatial neglect and homonymous hemianopia.[4,8] Global aphasia is present with left hemisphere lesions.[4] Occlusion of the superior trunk of the middle cerebral artery will result in the following symptoms: contralateral hemiplegia and hemianesthesia in the face and arm with lesser involvement of the lower extremity, ipsilateral deviation of eyes and head, and Broca's aphasia (with dominant hemisphere occlusion).[4,8] Occlusion of the inferior trunk of the middle cerebral artery usually results in contralateral hemianopsia or upper quadrantanopia, Wernicke's aphasia (usually with left sided lesions) and left visual neglect (usually with right sided lesions).