In contrast to British social anthropology
, which shaped the discipline as it evolved at South Africa's English-speaking universities, anthropology at Afrikaans universities worked within the paradigm of volkekunde.
He firmly adhered to the conventional colonialist habitus of the British social anthropology
as the study of a distant, far away Other (Hann 2003, 2007).
Despite the ties of British social anthropology
to colonialism, Leach worked to incorporate collaborators and fellow intellectuals from around the world into the discourse of his discipline and of a larger world.
Waltz's neorealism picks up where British social anthropology
Fortes' letters also provide a chronicle of what he saw as the decline of British social anthropology
in the 1970s and 80s, and in his letters he often lamented the dearth of brilliant students who had once, like Freeman himself, flocked to British universities from all over the world.
That was the second contribution of the Haddon Expedition to British social anthropology
. Its revolutionary consequences have now been so thoroughly integrated into the discipline that the youthful practitioner may find himself at a loss to say what it is.
It is certain that Julian Jacobs has given us a well-written and valuable reappraisal of the largely British-colonial-generated ethnographic record on the Naga, emphasising (as we might expect from the sociological perspective of modern British social anthropology
) socio-political organization and symbolic structures.
Stocking, Functionalism Historicized: essays on British social anthropology
. Isis 76 (4): 619-20.
Whether one considers the American Bureau of Ethnology (explicitly trying to both understand and control restive Native American groups, as outlined in the foundational report by its founder, John Wesley Powell, "The Need of Studying the Indian in Order to Teach Him" ), or British social anthropology
's emphasis on understanding power structures in its colonized territories (see, e.g., Asad 1973; Harris 1968; Leach 1984), anthropology has deep roots in practical applications (for a much fuller account, see Pels and Salemink 2000).
As Maurice Bloch noted in his obituary for Firth, throughout this period Firth gently criticised the dominant structural functionalism of British social anthropology
by insisting on the importance of personal choice and flexibility in social life.