At first glance, one would tend to think that it was easy for a Balanta man to marry, since access to women has so many forms, the groom does not have to work for his future in-laws (bride service), and bridewealth
is considered to be low.
Remember, for example, the episode of Aphrodite's adultery; Hefestus demands the refund of the all the bridewealth
([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Od.
However, the commodification of bridewealth
over the past few decades has resulted in high costs that are often prohibitive to young couples.
Rwanda Dismal situation Sommers 2006 with few economic or educational options for young men Kenya (rural) note the Amuyunzu-Nyamonga & "marginalization of Frances 2006 men" who cannot pay bridewealth
An educated daughter may bring more bridewealth
, but not enough to offset expenses incurred educating her.
The Code of Manu also sanctioned dowry and bridewealth
in ancient India, but dowry was the more prestigious form and associated with the Brahmanic (priestly) caste.
 Hunter argues that the rise of unemployment was the key factor behind this, as only the relatively well-off African men could afford to pay 'ilobolo' (bridewealth
) or act as reliable providers for their families.
Marrying on credit: the burden of bridewealth
on refugee youth.
Dodoo (2010) "The man comes to marry the woman: exploring adolescent boys' gendered expectations for bridewealth
and marriage among the akwapim of Southern Ghana".
Asi lo demuestran las deudas por matrimonio (bridewealth
) entre los tiv y la entrega de ganado entre los nuer.
Her thorough comparative examination of the marriage practices in the biblical text are illuminated by the work of the anthropologist Jack Goody, and she places her emphasis on social stratification as a central factor in the distribution of bridewealth
Uchendu, one of the earliest Igbo writers on Igbo culture, remarks as follows: The African woman regarded as a chattel of her husband, who has made a bridewealth
payment on her account, is not an Igbo woman, who enjoys a high
costs required men to pay the equivalent of over 1200 francs in 1920, at a time when Adouma canoe workers received 12 francs per voyage.
at 167-220 (explaining problems of female inheritance in Africa); Julie Mertus, State Discriminatory Family Law and Customary Abuses, in WOMEN'S RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS 135, 137-39 (Julie Peters & Andrea Wolper eds., 1995) (describing ongoing child marriage, polygamy, dowry and bridewealth
, sometimes called bride price or lobola, is the payment from a husband's family to a wife's family in recognition of the couple's marriage.