In an initial phase, the difficulties related to the physical or breastfeeding complications were also emphasized more strongly, including fatigue, pain, cracking nipples and breast engorgement
. The results of a quantitative study by Munhoz, Schmdt and Fontes (5) support these results.
Clinical signs and symptoms such as breast engorgement
, fever, redness on the breast and pus draining from the nipples were taken into consideration while the infected mother was screened (25, 26).
, fissured nipples); the speech-language therapist explains on the importance of breastfeeding for adequate development of orofacial structures, in addition to nutritional, immunological and economic benefits; the nutritionist provides guidance and performs the correct nutritional follow-up of the nursing mother by explaining on specific breast milk nutrients which are fundamental for the health of both infant and mother; the dentist-surgeon provides guidance on the importance of breastfeeding for the correct development of the infant's stomatognathic system, in addition to contributing to the prevention of non-nutritive sucking habits, such as atypical deglutition and mouth breathing.
Moreover, women with breast abscess, breast engorgement
, breast filling, blocked duct and galactocelle were excluded because such conditions can mimic clinical features of mastitis.
Acutely, hyperprolactinemia can cause menstrual abnormalities, decreased libido, breast engorgement
, galactorrhea, and sexual dysfunction in women.8 In men, the most common symptoms of hyperprolac-tinemia are loss of interest in sex, erectile dysfunction, infertility, and gynecomas-tia.
Early failure was also seen in premature deliveries (13.5%) or mothers with breast pathology (6.5%) like sore nipples, mastitis, breast engorgement
, or anomalies like inverted nipples.
It reduces breast engorgement
as well as post-operative swelling.
and stasis combined with minor trauma during breast feeding may result in a staphylococcal infection, causing mastitis.
* Ignoring SRHR in disasters violates human rights: Lack of access of adolescent girls and women to services and counselling for sudden stoppage of menstruation, miscarriages, premature delivery, post-partum haemorrhage or breast engorgement
(when infants who are being breast-fed die) in the aftermath of disasters is a violation of their right to non-discrimination in health under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), as these are sex-specific health needs affecting only females.
In the early weeks of breastfeeding, problems may be experienced with breast engorgement
, nipple soreness, and latch-on (Newman & Pittman, 2000).