In an initial phase, the difficulties related to the physical or breastfeeding complications were also emphasized more strongly, including fatigue, pain, cracking nipples and breast engorgement
Clinical signs and symptoms such as breast engorgement
, fever, redness on the breast and pus draining from the nipples were taken into consideration while the infected mother was screened (25, 26).
, fissured nipples); the speech-language therapist explains on the importance of breastfeeding for adequate development of orofacial structures, in addition to nutritional, immunological and economic benefits; the nutritionist provides guidance and performs the correct nutritional follow-up of the nursing mother by explaining on specific breast milk nutrients which are fundamental for the health of both infant and mother; the dentist-surgeon provides guidance on the importance of breastfeeding for the correct development of the infant's stomatognathic system, in addition to contributing to the prevention of non-nutritive sucking habits, such as atypical deglutition and mouth breathing.
Both primigravidae and multigravidae who revealed poor knowledge and poor practices had been followed-up, and majority of them encountered with problems related to maternal posture namely musculoskeletal problems such as severe backache, neck pain, and problems owing to latch failure such as cracked nipple, breast engorgement
, and mastitis.
In women, hyperprolactinemia can cause menstrual abnormalities, sexual dysfunction, breast engorgement
, and galactorrhea
It reduces breast engorgement
as well as post-operative swelling.
and stasis combined with minor trauma during breast feeding may result in a staphylococcal infection, causing mastitis.
Ignoring SRHR in disasters violates human rights: Lack of access of adolescent girls and women to services and counselling for sudden stoppage of menstruation, miscarriages, premature delivery, post-partum haemorrhage or breast engorgement
(when infants who are being breast-fed die) in the aftermath of disasters is a violation of their right to non-discrimination in health under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), as these are sex-specific health needs affecting only females.
In the early weeks of breastfeeding, problems may be experienced with breast engorgement
, nipple soreness, and latch-on (Newman & Pittman, 2000).
When the milk comes in, a woman can experience breast engorgement
Treatments for breast engorgement