(BMIs) develop a direct pathway between the brain and external devices, which aims to help amputees or paralysis patients regain their movement functions [1, 2].
Applications of Brain-Machine Interface
Systems in Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation.
Shanechi's lab will continue developing more sophisticated brain-machine interface
architectures with principled algorithmic designs and use them to construct high-performance prosthetics.
Scientists working on these so-called brain-machine interfaces
have demonstrated that brain activity can be harnessed to control computer cursors or robotic arms, and Moritz and other researchers have recently used brain impulses to control artificial stimulation of paralyzed muscles in the arms or legs.
already launched projects to refine brain-machine interface
Sanchez, "Brain-machine interface
control of a robot arm using actor-critic rainforcement learning," in Proceedings of the 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS '12), pp.
Turner, "Enhanced functional outcome from traumatic brain injury with brain-machine interface
neuromodulation," in Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury, D.
The 18 papers consider such topics as diopside glass-ceramics for dental and biomedical applications, the electrochemical detection of bacteria using graphene oxide electro-deposited on titanium implants, the mechanical behavior of alumina-toughened zirconia nanocomposites with different alumina additions, high-density implantable micro-electrode arrays for brain-machine interface
applications, and hybrid energy harvesting using electro-active polymers combined with piezoelectric materials.
Demonstrating a promising technology, significant market traction, and rapid gain in momentum across the program, SmartStent's team of fledgling entrepreneurs emerged as the overall winner, and are out to change the world by introducing a minimally invasive brain-machine interface
According to the report, Itskov has mapped out several key steps to be a cyborg, with the first step, called Avatar A, which is due in 2020, involving a person controlling a robotic human replica via a brain-machine interface
(BMI), a technology that already exists today.
The brain-machine interface
that allowed Hutchinson to direct a robotic arm (right) with her thoughts, called BrainGate, was created by building upon decades of studies.
Researchers at Brown University, Massachusetts General Hospital, and other institutions recently demonstrated that paralyzed individuals can use a brain-machine interface
to move a robotic arm.
Shenoy and Nuyujukian are part of the Brain-Machine Interface
initiative of the Stanford Neurosciences Institute, which is working to develop this and other methods of interfacing technology directly with the brain.
Although Fetz didn't realize it at the time, he had created the first brain-machine interface
Nurmikko is presenting their work this week at the 2013 International Workshop on Clinical Brain-Machine Interface
Systems in Houston.