brachial plexus

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Related to Brachial plexus injuries: Erb's palsy, brachial plexus paralysis
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  • noun

Synonyms for brachial plexus

a network of nerves formed by cervical and thoracic spinal nerves and supplying the arm and parts of the shoulder

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References in periodicals archive ?
Posso, "Obstetrical brachial plexus injuries: late functional results of the Steindler procedure," Journal of Hand Surgery, vol.
Selective contralateral c7 transfer in posttraumatic brachial plexus injuries: A report of 56 cases.
Millesie H: Brachial plexus injuries: Management and results, in Terzis JK: Microreconstruction of nerve injuries.
Brachial plexus injuries occur when the nerves of the brachial plexus -- the network of nerves that originate in the neck region and branch off to form the nerves that control movement and sensation in the upper limbs, including the shoulder, arm, forearm, and hand -- are damaged.
The remaining 42 had upper plexus brachial plexus injuries. Sixty-three questionnaires (n = 63) were completed out of the 69 families that attended the event.
Delineating brachial plexus injuries by salient feature is widely used in the medical literature and allows the clinician the flexibility to catalog the causes of brachial plexus palsy in manageable groups without having to rely on rigid but uncertain parameters such as time of occurrence and mechanism of injury.
Gurewitsch deposed that there were some brachial plexus injuries, one of which resulted in a permanent injury.
In obstetric brachial plexus injuries, most patients recover spontaneously without surgery.
History of Brachial Plexus Injuries and Reconstruction
Addressing anatomy, etiology, evidence-based medical and surgical management, and application of occupational therapy, they first discuss orthopedics, and topics such as surgical principles, therapy and surgery for lower and upper limbs, spinal conditions, and pediatric conditions, then address aspects of trauma, including principles of fracture management, pelvic, hand, and brachial plexus injuries, and traumatic amputation.
However, approximately 54 percent of all brachial plexus injuries may occur without any known explanation.
Upper plexus injuries tend to be the least severe and have the best prognosis among brachial plexus injuries. Total plexus injuries require significantly higher traction forces and result in severe injuries with attendant root avulsions and they have a poorer prognosis.
Brachial plexus injuries demonstrate the importance of neural function for upper-limb rehabilitation.