Frankincense (olibanum) oleogum resin of Boswellia carteri Birdw.
The analysis of raw Boswellia carteri oleo-gum resins water extract indicated that each 100 ml of the tested Boswellia carteri gum resin water extract content total phenols was about 182 +- 3.2 mg GAE and 0.60+- 0.02 mg catechin equivalent for flavonoids and these values were increased significantly under the effect of gamma-rays by percent change 4.9% and 6.6%, respectively (Table I).
The results of total phenolic and flavonoids of Boswellia carteri gum resin water extract indicated that using of gamma-radiation for both decontamination and sterilization of induced positive effect of frankincense chemical constituents and resulted in significant elevation of total phenolic and flavonoids content by percent change 4.9% and 6.6%, respectively.
Boswellic acids are the main active components of the resin of Boswellia carteri and were shown to down regulate the pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-[alpha], IL-1[beta], IL-2, IL-6 and INF-I3 by interacting with the production of these cytokines (Ammon, 2010).
Cardioprotective and antioxidant effects of oleogum resin "Olibanum" from Boswellia carteri Birdw.
Samples of the dried oleo-gum-resin of Boswellia carteri Birdwood and Commiphora myrrha Engler Family Burseraceae were purchased from Haraz Egyptian herbal store, Cairo, Egypt.
The powdered oleo-gum-resin of Boswellia carteri (500 gm) and of Commiphora myrrha (500 gm) were separately extracted in a continuous extraction apparatus (Soxhlet) until exhaustion with the following organic solvents in succession: petroleum ether (40-60[degrees]C), diethyl ether, chloroform, methanol and 50% aqueous methanol.
The oleo-gum-resins of Boswellia carteri and Commiphora myrrha (500 gm each) were separately placed in round bottom flasks, covered with sufficient water and subjected to hydrodistillation in a modified Likens and Nickerson apparatus .
Each of the petroleum ether extracts of the oleogum-resins of Boswellia carteri and Commiphora myrrha was refluxed separately for 6 hrs with 0.5 N alcoholic potassium hydroxide (60 mL) for saponification in a boiling water bath.
The unsaponifiable matter from Boswellia carteri and Commiphora myrrha were analyzed using a Finngan SSQ 7000 gas chromatograph coupled with a mass spectrometer using the following conditions: Capillary column: DB-5 fused silica (5% phenyl methyl polysiloxane), 30 m length, 0.25 mm id and 0.25 Lim thickness.
The fatty acid methyl esters from Boswellia carteri and Commiphora myrrha were analyzed using a Finngan SSQ 7000 gas chromatograph coupled with a mass spectrometer using the following conditions: Capillary column: DB-WAX fused silica, 30 m length, 0.25 mm id and 0.25 Lim thickness.
Frankincense oil (Boswellia carteri
Bird.) and Cassia oil (Acacia farnesiana Linn) inhibited the growth of 7 species of economically important rice pathogenic fungi; Alternaria brassicicola, Aspergillus flavus, Bipolaris oryzae, Fusarium moniliforme, Fusarium proliferatum, Pyricularia arisea and Rhizoctonia solani, this oil at concentration 2.0%v/v showed the strongest mycelium growth inhibition of F.
The resin is obtained from an unlikely looking gnarled tree (Boswellia Carteri
), which grows primarily in the Dhofar province of southern Oman.
It started at Oman's southern province, Dhofar, where the thorny tree, Boswellia Carteri
still grows, source of that precious commodity - frankincense.
Because a pathologically prolonged and sustained activation of the complement system is implicated in a variety of inflammatory disorders, from rheumatoid arthritis and glomerulonephritis to systemic lupus erythematodes, we have investigated the influence of [beta]-boswellic acid from Boswellia carteri
on the classical and alternative complement pathways.