Following the occupation of its territories, Croatia had huge numbers of internally displaced persons as well as refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, both Croats and Bosniacs; after their liberation, internally displaced Croats could return to their homes, but Serbs fled from these same areas and found refuge in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia.
"The renovation of a house does not in itself make a home." This sentiment was shared by a young Bosniac participant in a roundtable on homemaking and integration in post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina, held in Sarajevo in March 2013 with representatives on all sides of the ethnic divide.
* In the Green Howards' area Bosniacs
predominate in two out of three cantons and Croats in the third.
Bosnia end Hercegovina, worried about being swallowed up or partitioned by Serbia, also held a referendum (boycotted by the Bosnian Serbs); 65 percent of resident Bosniacs
and Croats voted for independence.
, with support from fiscal analysts in the international donor community, have pushed strongly for such State revenues.
(8.) Michael Sells's definition of Bosnians--as "all residents of the internationally recognized sovereign nation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, regardless of their religious affiliation, who consider themselves Bosnian, that is, who remain loyal to a Bosnian state built on the principles of civic society and religious pluralism"--captures the meaning of Bosniac
: Michael A.
The early but restrained intervention of the international community could not prevent the injury or death of hundreds of thousands of Bosnian civilians, including thousands of Bosnian Muslims (Bosniacs
) killed when Serbs overran the UN Safe Areas of Srebenica and Zepa in 1995.(2) Targeted solely because of ethnic origin, civilians from all three major groups were forced from their homes, abused and raped, imprisoned, and murdered.
The second message was to the Serbs (and to the Bosniacs
and Croats as well) and that was the value we place on the lives of our people.
Thus, Orthodox Serbs have fought Muslim Bosniacs
and Kosovars and Catholic Croats, Orthodox Russians have fought Muslim Chechnyans, Orthodox Georgians have fought Muslim Abkhazians, and eastern Christian Armenians have fought Muslim Azeris.
Another provision of significant importance is Annex 4, the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.(122) It provides for the formation of "Bosnia and Herzegovina" from the BH Republic and recognizes as its "constituent peoples" "Bosniacs
, Croats, and Serbs .
The process took a little longer in the case of those who had advertised themselves as "Bosnians" or "Bosniacs
The Human Rights Chamber is to be composed of fourteen members, but normally acts in two chambers of seven members each.(39) There will be two Croats, two Bosniacs
, and two Serbs, each appointed by their own governments,(40) and eight outside members, appointed by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, the Strasbourg organization.(41) Each seven member chamber will thus consist of three members from the ethnic groups and four outsiders.
Croats, Serbs and Bosniacs
died because they were 'the other', they were Muslims among Christians, or Catholics among Orthodox Slavs, or Orthodox Slavs living with majorities that were Muslim or Catholic.
I do not intend to speak here about the special case of Islam in Europe, which is certainly one of the key reasons for the passivity of western Europe in solving the Balkan crisis and in the almost accomplished genocide over the Bosniacs
. The Muslims are but a painfully evident metaphor for something that is not easily integrated into the symbolic context of the European habitus.
Viewed through the lens of Western cameras and spoken in the language of foreigners, the horror known by Bosnians becomes dangerously palatable, and the Bosnians themselves become something else: les Bosniacs
. While it goes without saying that this is a dilemma implicit in reading poetry in translation, ultimately the power of art in the midst of annihilation is confirmed by this collection, as Marko Ve}ovi writes in his poem "Childhood (II)": "She only felt like embroidery / When wolves howled outside."