Smirnov, "Structure of vortex shedding past potential barriers moving in a Bose-Einstein condensate
," Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, vol.
Polariton Bose-Einstein condensates
are generated by trapping light between mirrors spaced only a few millionths of a metre apart, and letting it interact with thin slabs of semiconductor material, creating a half-light, half-matter mixture known as a polariton.
The Bose-Einstein Condensate
Galactic Dark Matter Halo
Pelinovsky, "Matter-wave bright solitons in spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates
," Physical Review Letters, vol.
Marshall IN  Consciousness and Bose-Einstein condensates
. New eas Psycho.
Liu, "Quantized vortices in a rotating Bose-Einstein condensate
with spatiotemporally modulated interaction," Physical Review A--Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, vol.
Among their topics are theoretical treatments in generalized optomechanical systems, a cavity optomechanical system with Bose-Einstein condensate
, a single quantum dot as the smallest generalized optomechanical system, a nanomechanical resonator coupled to a hybrid nanostructure, and a hybrid optomechanical system based on a quantum dot and DNA molecules.
It's hard to overstate how weird this is, like getting the giant atoms of the Bose-Einstein condensate
but without all the fuss of cooling things down to billionths of a degree above absolute zero.
Other matters they discuss are classical statistical physics and its applications to chemical equilibria, interacting systems, and strong electrolytes; quantum statistical physics and its application to Bose-Einstein condensate
and statistical astrophysics; systematics of phase transition and Landau Theory for systems not very close to the phase-coexistence line; and the linear response theory of irreversible processes and fluctuating-dissipation theorem.
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Hau and her team instead used a material called a Bose-Einstein condensate
, or BEC.
The work also led to the first creation by another research team of what is known as a Bose-Einstein condensate
, a new and strange state of matter in which atoms are slowed and cooled so much that they effectively merge into a single entity that is much larger than any individual atom.
The medium used in slowing light by a factor of 20 million was a cluster of atoms called a "Bose-Einstein condensate
" chilled to a temperature of roughly 50-billionths of a degree above absolute zero (that's zero on the Kelvin scale), far colder than the depths space, and was then coupled with a brief pulse of tuned laser light.
'The quantum gas is cooled down to a very low temperature where it forms a Bose-Einstein condensate
: all atoms in the gas end up in the state of minimum energy.