The "Tobias" named by both authors actually refers to Tobit, not his son; almost certainly the confusion arises from the fact that medieval writers relied on the Vulgate's Latin version of the Book of Tobit
, originally composed in Hebrew or Aramaic toward the end of the third or beginning of the second century B.
Besides loyalty to parents, the Book of Tobit
also stresses other family bonds, including marriage.
(16) This tradition is also strongly influenced by the Book of Tobit
, where Raphael, having revealed his identity, tells Tobit and Tobias, "Take note that I ate no food; what appeared to you was a vision" (Tobit 12:19).
In the words of the angel Raphael at Sarah and Tobias' wedding in the Book of Tobit
Tobias and the Angel by Castelnuovo-Tedesco is an oratorio based on the Book of Tobit
To adapt the Book of Job is one thing, but to incorporate elements from the Book of Tobit
(here called Tobias), as Schnabel does, is a somewhat different undertaking: the Apocrypha was a rich source of ideas and motifs for writers over a long period, but curiously nothing is made of this here.
Interlaced with Julia's Venetian adventures, Vickers gives us another story, her vivid and moving recounting of the Book of Tobit
, a portion of the Apocrypha excluded from the authorized version of the King James Bible.
Based on the book of Tobit
in the Apochrypha, the oratorio tells the stories of Tobit, who honourably buries his compatriots (thus defying Sennacherib, King of the Ninevites); of Tobit's blindness being cured; and of his son Tobias marrying Sarah and abolishing the demon occupying her - the demon had killed her seven preceding husbands.
The Book of Tobit
, a sacred writing revered by both Christians and Jews, cites the caregiving of the blinded Tobit by his nephew and wife (Tobit, 2:10-12, New American Bible).
What, for example, is the significance of the reference to the biblical story of the blind man in the book of Tobit
? Or the continued appearance of the silverfish, those nonmetamorphosed, aberrant insects that dominate the house trailer in which Eck lives?
It was not about attending official worship: the acid test was whether you had fed the hungry, given drink to the thirsty, clothed the naked, visited the sick and prisoners, taken in the homeless and, (with the help of the book of Tobit
, to bring the number of good deeds up to seven to match the Seven Deadly Sins), buried the dead.
In another version of the story, burial is prescribed for religious reasons but prohibited by civil authorities; this version forms the theme of the apocryphal Book of Tobit
in the Old Testament.
Simpson, |The Chief Recensions of the Book of Tobit
', JTS 14 (1913), 516-30; A.
Her topics include election and laws of history in the apocalyptic literature, Israel's subjugation to the Gentiles as an expression of demonic power in Qumran documents and related literature, the Book of Tobit
and the Qumran halakhah, 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch in light of the Qumran literature, and whether 4Q127 is an unknown Jewish apocryphal work.
Given Rembrandt's repeated recourse to the Book of Tobit
as a source, and the painting's similarities with a work by his master Pieter Lastman, A Woman in Bed has been identified with the wedding night of Tobias and Sarah.