How do frugivores process fruit--gastrointestinal transit and glucose absorption in cedar waxwings (Bombycilla
Feeding behavior-related toxicity due to Nandina domestica in Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla
(10.) Fouarge J, Vandevondele E Synthesis on the exceptional invasion of waxwings (Bombycilla
garrulus) in Europe in 2004-2005 [in French].
Captive trials focused on Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla
cedrorum), one of the most common seed dispersers at our study site and one of the most frugivorous species in North America (Martin et al.
This site has been observed to be used by several bird species (e.g., brown-headed cowbirds, Molothrus ater; northern cardinals, Cardinalis cardinalis; northern mockingbirds, Mimus polyglottos; cedar waxwings, Bombycilla
cedorum) in addition to the aforementioned species.
sialis (Linnaeus) eastern I C bluebird Turdus migratorius Linnaeus, I A American robin Family Mimidae (mimic thrushes) Dumetella carolinensis (Linaeus), I C gray catbird Mimus polyglottos (Linnaeus), I C northern mockingbird Toxostoma rufum (Linnaeus), brown I C thrasher Family Sturnidae (starlings) Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus, I A European starling Family Motacillidae (wagtails and pipits) Anthus rubescens (Tunstall), I R American pipit Family Bombycillidae (waxwings) Bombycilla
cedrorum Vieillot, I O cedar waxwing B.
currucoides), Townsend's solitaire (Myadestes townsendi), and the American robin (Turdus migratorius), or members of the Bombycillidae family, such as the waxwings (Bombycilla
garrulus and B.
How do frugivores process fruits: gastrointestinal transit and glucose absorption in Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla
Orchard oriole (Icterus spurious), American robin (Turdus migratorius), cedar waxwing (Bombycilla
cedrorum), house sparrow (Passer domesticus) and killdeer (Charadrius vociferous) were only observed in treatment fields, while eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magma) and Baltimore oriole (I.
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla
cedrorum).--A common summer resident in the Chicago region (Woodruff 1907), Bombycilla
cedrorum very likely foraged, and perhaps nested, on the Grand Calumet River floodplain.