Apparently his grandfather Samuel joined the Bolshevic
Red Army and his father was a dedicated Marxist.
Outraged observers denounced it as "degenerate" a mass of "Bolshevic
[sic] philosophy" and "art-trash." One of the featured painters, Robert Henri, saw in the public's reaction the "modern idea of prohibiting" taken too far.
Such as, for example, Choi Chatterjee's discussion of Bolshevic
efforts to undermine the authority of the local males through the elaboration of an "absent omnipotent male of socialist patriarchy." Choi Chatterjee's Celebrating Women: Gender Festival Culture, and Bolshevik Ideology, 1910-1939 (Pittsburgh, PA, 2002), 14.
Margaret Bourke-White, "Soviet Children Seated at a Table"--This precise image, which was an engagement gift from Henry Luce to his personal secretary at Fortune magazine, bears the photographer's inscription, "Hope you like the Bolshevic
babies." It sold to the trade for $12,650.
Strongly anti-Communist, John cast Soulina as a victim of "Bolshevic
devils" whom she might rescue and then restore to a proper class standing.