syndrome

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Related to Boerhaave's syndrome: pneumomediastinum
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[15.] Tsalis K, Vasiliadis K, Tsachalis T, Christoforidis E, Blouhos K, Betsis D: Management of Boerhaave's syndrome: report of three cases.
If the lesion includes all the layers of the esophagus, it is called Boerhaave's syndrome, whereas if it only includes the mucosal layer, it is called the Mallory-Weiss syndrome (7, 8).
The emergency physician should think of Boerhaave's syndrome in the presence of sudden chest pain and subcutaneous emphysema, following heaving and vomiting.
[12.] Onyeka WO, Booth SJ (1999) Boerhaave's syndrome presenting as tension pneumothorax.
[15.] Janjua KJ (1997) Boerhaave's syndrome. Postgrad Med J 73: 265-270
Minimally invasive management of Boerhaave's syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg.
Minimally invasive approach to Boerhaave's syndrome: a pilot study of three cases.
Boerhaave's syndrome and children: a rare and unexpected combination.
El Nakadi, "Minimally invasive approach to Boerhaave's syndrome: a pilot study of three cases," Surgical Endoscopy, vol.
DISCUSSION: Boerhaave's syndrome refers to post emetic transmural esophageal perforation.
Even though Boerhaave's syndrome typically manifests as mediastinitis and sepsis, there are reported cases of pneumothorax (5), hydropneumothorax (6), heamothorax (7,8) secondary to esophageal rupture.
While frequently used as a screening examination, radiographs are often nonspecific for Boerhaave's syndrome. CT of the chest with intravenous and oral contrast provides greater diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.