The BS subscale has been used in studies examining gender and body shame in relation to eating disorder symptomatology and health-related behavior in women and men of diverse ethnicity and age (e.
Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses were performed to test the predicted prediction model shown in Figure 1, which postulates direct effects of spirituality, body shame and BMI, on eating disorder symptomatology, and indirect effects of ethnicity, religiosity and age on eating disorder symptomatology.
White men had the lowest mean score for body shame (M = 3.
In Table 2, EDI scores were significantly related to body shame (r = .
Body shame was significantly related to lower spirituality (r = -.
During class time, participants completed a questionnaire comprised of demographic questions and standardized measures of body shame and eating disorder symptomatology.
Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses were performed to test the hypothesized prediction model shown in Figure 1, which postulates direct effects of sexual orientation, body shame, BMI, weight discrepancy and age on eating disorder symptomatology.
Body shame was the dominant predictor of EDI (b = .
Interestingly, body shame was a "stand-alone" construct (and not a mediator).
Specifically focusing on gay men, it may be that body shame is more than a simple expression of muscularity.
There were statistically significant positive relationships between objectification experiences and two of the components of OBC, body surveillance and body shame.
The second regression analysis revealed that objectification experiences and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance explained almost 30% of the variance in body shame ([R.
For the second regression analysis on body shame, objectification experiences explained a significant proportion of the variance in body shame ([beta] = .
There was a statistically significant overall main effect of BMI for body shame (F(2, 267) = 10.
The results of the second analysis may indicate that women who report greater personal endorsement or acceptance of societal standards of appearance will experience increases in body shame.