Indeed, they may know quite a bit about the risks of proceeding with blood transfusions and may be savvy enough to request "bloodless surgery
" to lessen those risks.
Focus Surgery was founded in Indianapolis in 1997 to commercialize an ultrasound product that performs non-invasive, bloodless surgery
. Focus Surgery is a pioneer in the development and commercialization of products using high-intensity focused ultrasound for the treatment of prostate diseases.
He puts himself through school working as a mechanic, but in a sense remains one after becoming a full-fledged plastic surgeon, as in the nearly bloodless surgery
he conducts on an anaesthetized, "rock"-like Esther in a scene reading like a manual for the operation (101-108).
By contrast, the ultrasound used for new experimental procedures in bloodless surgery
relies on a transducer that applies as many as 3,000 watts per square centimeter to a target area.
So-called bloodless surgery
means that patients are not exposed to the risks associated with donor blood.
For example, if patients demand bloodless surgery
for religious reasons, is the organization obligated to provide it?
Such applications include multi-organ preservation; bloodless surgery
; therapy for overcoming the blood-borne symptomatic infections that accompany AIDS; and specific, organ-directed, high-dose cancer chemotherapy.
Using electrical charges, Bodie also claimed he could cure paralysis and introduced "bloodless surgery
" into his act, calling himself "Dr Walford Bodie MD", despite having no medical qualifications.
Until a few years ago no-transfusion surgery, or "bloodless surgery
," was a rare, niche technique offered by a small number of bloodless medicine programs catering to Jehovah's Witnesses, who believe that the Bible forbids blood transfusions.
Knowing these risks, it is somewhat surprising that PB did not choose a "bloodless surgery
center" for his operation; however, he may have intentionally deceived the surgeon in order to be sure the surgeon would not decline to operate.