substitute

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Synonyms for substitute

Synonyms for substitute

one that takes the place of another

to give up in return for something else

to act as a substitute

Synonyms for substitute

a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another

an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced

someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)

be a substitute

capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team

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serving or used in place of another

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artificial and inferior

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References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists have thus been forced to look for alternatives for donated blood, which are called artificial blood substitutes, artificial haemoglobin or haemoglobin based oxygen carriers (HBOC).
In India, one unit of blood (350-400 cc) costs around Rs 500-800, while this blood substitute will cost approximately10-12 per cent less than that.
Still, in first response situations where death is imminent due to blood loss, the humane course of action is to administer the blood substitute. To safeguard against abuses, the experimental protocol should detail the conditions under which informed consent is waived.
While previous efforts to develop a human blood substitute have been unsuccessful due to toxicity issues, researchers at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, are attempting to develop what could be the world's first viable substitute for human blood, as scientists have been able to identify and then nullify the source of toxicity.
Innovative approaches to developing a potential blood substitute involves expertise in any combination of biotechnology, physiology, biophysics, biochemistry, chemical engineering, enzyme engineering, biomedical engineering, genetic engineering, clinical medicine, chemistry, and polymer chemistry.
The Defense Department has spent decades and millions of dollars in pursuit of the Holy Grail of trauma medicine: a blood substitute that doesn't have to be refrigerated (battlefield conditions don't allow that) and that doesn't have to be matched by blood type (a process that can take more than an hour).
The development of a blood substitute that not only carries oxygen, but also increases the level of red blood cells, could have broad applications in medicine, especially trauma, elective surgery, acute anemia, cancer and heart disease."
It is the first study in the US in which treatment with a blood substitute begins at the scene of injury.
is the leader in developing an oxygen- carrying blood substitute, PolyHeme(r), for the treatment of urgent, large volume blood loss in trauma and resultant surgical settings.
Combination therapy with a blood substitute and erythropoietin can save critically ill patients whose religious beliefs don't permit blood transfusion, said Dr.
In preclinical development, Sonus is also developing S-2646, a reformulation of a cardiac drug for the treatment of rapid, life-threatening heart rhythms; and S-9156, a synthetic blood substitute product.
* A new human blood substitute made from healthy, U.S.-raised cattle has been approved for use in South Africa.
They first published work on a recombinant hemoglobin for use as a blood substitute in NATURE in 1990.
The pigs were given a blood substitute to bring them back from certain death and resuscitated.
SYBD currently is developing three products: Oxycyte(TM), a perfluorocarbon-based blood substitute and therapeutic oxygen carrier; Fluorovent(TM), a perfluorocarbon liquid ventilation product; and an implantable glucose biosensor for continuous monitoring of blood glucose levels in diabetics.