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Blackhaw viburnum has a twiggy growth that reaches heights of up to 15 feet with a 12-foot spread.
Viburnum prunifolium L.: blackhaw. Frequent in moist woods and seeps; rare in dry upland woods; 279; 86; C = 4.
4-9 Dawn redwood Metasequoia 5-9 glyptostroboides Eastern arborvitae Thuja occidentalis 3-7 Green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica 3-9 Pawpaw Asimina triloba 5-8 Pecan Carya illinoinensis 5-9 Quaking aspen Populus tremuloides 2-6 Red maple cultivars Acer rubrum 3-9 River birch Betula nigra 4-9 Sweetbay magnolia Magnolia virginiana 5-9 Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua 5-9 White willow Salix alba 3-9 Shrubs Arrowwood viburnum Viburnum dentatum 4-9 Blackhaw viburnum Viburnum prunifolium 3-9 Chokeberry species Aronia spp.
(From Boon and Groe, 1990.) BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME Trees--Canopy (over 48') Gleditsia triacanthos common honeylocust Juniperus virginiana Eastern redcedar Populus grandidentata bigtooth aspen Populus tremuloides quaking aspen Quercus ellipsoidalis Northern pin oak Quercus macrocarpa bur oak Trees--Understory (12'-48') Crataegus mollis downy hawthorn Malus ioensis prairie crabapple Prunus americana American plum Prunus virginiana common chokecherry Viburnum prunifolium blackhaw viburnum Shrubs (6'-12') Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Corylus americana American filbert Rhus glabra smooth sumac Shrubs (less than 6') Ribes missouriensis Missouri gooseberry Symphoricarpos occidentalis Western snowberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Indiancurrant coralberry
In feasting deposits at Cahokia in southern Illinois, for example, Pauketat and his colleagues found evidence of corn, bottle gourd, squash, sunflower, sumpweed, chenopod, maygrass, erect knotweed, four varieties of nuts, grape, and many fruits (persimmon, strawberry, plum, bramble, elderberry, nightshade, blackhaw, mulberry, sunflower), along with greens and small grains amaranth, purslane, panicoid grasses, carpetweed, and spurges).