Despite his rejection of behaviorist psychology
in this period, then, Sartre praises the externalist American style but, crucially, praises it as a study in being-for-others, in which the other's inner life is present but inaccessible to us.
Behaviorism reigned as the dominant school of psychology for so much of the past century that if you received a standard-issue education during that time period, particularly in the United States, you are probably the product of an educational system based largely on behaviorist psychology
The behaviorist psychology
it drew upon has long expired, and the fear that science will be used to make, or even force, people to be morally better now sounds old-fashioned.
When Sartre wrote Being and Nothingness, he combined elements of the phenomenological tradition with ideas from Gestalt and behaviorist psychology
to examine consciousness, its relationship to the body, and to the external world and other minds.
The main topics examined and explained are: 1) where the new cognitive studies improve on the assumptions of post-structuralist criticism (including most Marxist and cultural-studies bases), 2) where humanism and science might find dialogue, 3) how and why art and these new sciences are mutually informative and supportive (as opposed to earlier computer-analogy approaches to cognition), 4) why Derridean, Foucauldian and Lacanian notions of language and the subject are discredited by their dependence on invalid linguistic concepts and discourse theory, and 5) how and why behaviorist psychology
, Freud, Lacan and Butler have been disproved.
this tendency led to somewhat less extreme modes of control: advertising, behavior modification, behaviorist psychology
, and social engineering of various kinds.