have been so deeply integrated into the Ugandan society that a survey in 1962 when Uganda got independence, showed that 20% of the population in south-western Buddu County comprised ethnic Rwandans, most of whom had settled there during and after the 1959 overthrow of the Tutsi monarchy in Rwanda.
I suggest that we consider these acts and utterances as 'playback' to highlight their performative nature and the fact that they aimed to create a specific kind of embodied post-genocide celebrity subject--one who reproduced an inclusive, pan-ethnic banyarwanda
Ethnic groups: Baganda, Banyankole, Bahima, Bakiga, Banyarwanda
, Bunyoro, Batoro, Langi, Acholi, Lugbara, Karamojong, Basoga, Bagisu, and others.
In line with the RPF's ideological promotion of 'national unity,' a new identity has gained a foothold throughout every aspect of social life; that of the Banyarwanda
; or the unified 'people of Rwanda.' This new identity of 'national unity' has been part and parcel of the Rwandan government's self-proclaimed move towards 'democratisation.' In addition to the RPF's essentialisation of the 'woman representative' as the nonethnic and politically conciliatory 'Banyarwandan subject,' the regime has harnessed this identity as a means for moving beyond what President Kagame articulates as the:
While this coexistence was far from a perpetual peace, war and religion often served as a "social coagulant" that bound Banyarwanda
together to face their common enemies (Prunier 1995: 15; Destexhe 1995: 37).
For example, the Banyarwanda
refugees were settled in the border areas of Uganda.
(8) These activists did, however, work toward a rude, public politics characterized by newspapers, mass meetings, mass fundraising, and popular participation in the decisions that affected the people, from immigrant Banyarwanda
porters to the Kabaka (King) himself.
"Only one group inhabits Rwanda, the Banyarwanda
, a single nation divided into three castes; the Tutsi cattle owners, the Hutu farmers and the Twa labourers and servants" (p.
In interviews, many sought to distinguish themselves explicitly from Banyarwanda
, Barundi, and Zairois when discussing politics in the region, and expressed a sense of solidarity with their compatriots elsewhere.
whom the first European explorers and missionaries encountered were divided into three sub-groups: the Bahutu, the Batutsi and the Batwa.
Twenty-five years later, these people and their descendants, called Banyarwanda
, had swollen to a population of some 500,000.
Dialogue is ongoing and it is important to ensure that both countries find lasting solutions and concentrate on areas of mutual benefit to their citizens.Although Ugandas constitution recognises Ugandan Banyarwanda
as one of its indigenous tribes, they reported segregation by the immigration officials, who confiscate their national identity cards when travelling to Rwanda.
Since achieving independence in June 1960, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been grappling with the question of the citizenship of Kinyarwanda and Kirundi-speaking populations settled on its territory at different historical periods, herein referred to as the Banyarwanda
. While there is evidence of the presence of some Banyarwanda
communities on current Congolese territory prior to the advent of Belgian colonisation in the area, the majority of the Banyarwanda
currently living in the DRC are descendants of those brought into the country through colonial immigration and labour recruitment processes, political exile and refuge as well as clandestine migration.
Ethnic groups: Baganda 17%, Banyakole and Bahima 10%, Basoga 8%, Bakiga 7%, Banyarwanda
6%, Iteso 6%, Langi 6%, Acholi 5%.
The mention of "people who spoke the same language and danced to the same drumbeats" refers to what we know of the Rwanda people as a common cultural community, Banyarwanda
, possessing a common language, Kinyarwanda.