They develop increasing osteoproliferation visible as classical syndesmophytes causing fusion of the vertebral bodies identified as "AS with bamboo spine
." The risk factors/forces include male gender, socioeconomic factors (including physical stress), environment factors (smoking, others?), genetic factors (HLA B27, certain genotypes, ERAP-1, and IL23R), certain receptor protein biomarkers (KIR3DL1, Sclerostin, and Dkk-1, others?), intensity of acute phase response (genetically determined, CRP, others?), presence of syndesmophyte(s) at first presentation, and other possible factors.
Lumbosacral and sacroiliac joint radiographies were compatible with bilateral grade IV sacroiliitis, syndesmophytes, squared vertebral bodies, and "bamboo spine
(14) Such therapy seems to be more effective in patients at an early stage of the disease (e.g., before the occurrence of structural damage of the sacroiliac joints) (15) but also at a late stage of the disease (e.g., bamboo spine
Ankylosing spondylitis; or, "bamboo spine
:" pretend this form is
Discitis, or the development of cysts or lesions that weaken the spine as it becomes more rigid, often are the result.[1,4] The term "bamboo spine
" is an accurate visual description of how the spine looks after all its vertebrae have been tapered off and surrounded by a column of ossified connective tissue.[1,2,4]