bacillary dysentery

(redirected from B. anthracis)
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Synonyms for bacillary dysentery

an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria

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References in periodicals archive ?
"Small, infecting viruses dramatically alter the survival capabilities of B. anthracis. It is more or less a symbiotic relationship in which the interests of both the bacterium and virus are kept in balance," he added.
Such small clusters remain airborne longer than larger clumps and are more likely, if inhaled, to penetrate deep into the lungs, where B. anthracis is most dangerous.
B. anthracis was isolated from 3 samples (2 ear tips and 1 nasal swab) from 3 cattle (from 3 separate villages).
On the afternoon of July 18, the Utah Department of Health notified epidemiologists at the Idaho Department of Health and Welfare that B. anthracis had been isolated from a wound culture from an Idaho patient.
* The study also tested the effectiveness of MB against three commonly used B. anthracis surrogates.
B. anthracis spores are a challenge to detect because several closely related Bacillus species are ubiquitous in the environment.
The enzyme, called lysin, prevented the death of most mice that the researchers had infected with a bacterial relative of B. anthracis, Raymond Schuch of Rockefeller University in New York and his colleagues there report in the Aug.
Brook of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Bethesda, Md., and his associates subjected a veterinary anthrax vaccine strain (B. anthracis Sterne) to 21 sequential subcultures in subinhibitory concentrations of doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, alatrofloxacin, and gatifloxacin.
Approval was based on a surrogate end point--Cipro serum concentrations in humans--and data on the concentration required to inhibit or kill B. anthracis. Additionally, a study of Rhesus monkeys exposed to inhalational anthrax found that survival was significantly greater among those that received Cipro after exposure to aerosolized B.
State or local health departments, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation undertake epidemiologic and criminal investigations whenever a clinical isolate is confirmed as B. anthracis.
Culture of the lesion was negative, but biopsy specimens tested positive for B. anthracis by PCR at the Connecticut State Laboratory and by PCR and immunohistochemistry assay at CDC.
Yes -- it is killed at the same time points and dose levels as B. anthracis.
Like the B. anthracis originally studied by Read's group, the Florida version appears to come from the so-called Ames strain, which researchers isolated from a dead Texas cow in 1981.