To digress briefly, according to one Fataluku interlocutor I interviewed, the Fataluku language was brought by these immigrants, while the original cave-dwelling ancestors spoke Lovai'a, an Austronesian language
today spoken by only a handful of old people in Tutuala and neighbouring Mehara.
According to him, in this archipelago and its inhabitants using an Austronesian language
, except some of the ethnic origin of the Peninsula using Astro-Asiatic language clumps, and some Papuan tribe in the Papuan language.
However, like cognate terms in other Austronesian languages
, mase was applied by the Motu to a spectrum of conditions which, in English glosses, ranged from involuntary unconsciousness (but not sleep, which is mahuta) to clinical death, as Strong had intuited.
But it occurs too far north to have ever been in contact with Chamic or any other Austronesian languages
, and the -m- suggests that it might not, after all, be cognate with the Bahnaric forms.
Some Austronesian languages
, such as Malay or Javanese, are spoken by tens of millions of people, but the 500 Austronesian languages
in New Guinea and the islands to the east are spoken by less than two million people in total.
They are presenting their papers along with other scholars and advocates of Austronesian languages
and the vanishing languages in the world.
The work of Swiss linguist Renward Brandstetter (1860-1942) has been unfairly neglected, argue the editors, largely because his twin specializations in Austronesian languages
, on the one hand, and the German language and dialects of Switzerland, on the other, have confined the influence of his work to two separate scholarly communities with little interest in the productions of each other.
The increasing push towards a post-verbal T in Bunaq was most certainly aided by the fact that the neighbouring Austronesian languages
have a post-verbal T.
Evidence for retracing the origin and course of Austronesian dispersals has been sought initially through assessments of lexicostatistical relationships among the hundreds of Austronesian languages
(Gray & Jordan 2000).
While Papuan languages are geographically restricted, Austronesian languages
are found as far away as Madagascar, Formosa, Easter Island and Hawai'i.
This division contrasts an Austronesian family of languages or more specifically, a Central-Malayo-Polynesian sub-group of Austronesian languages
, with a 'Papuan' (non-Austronesian) Trans New Guinea Phylum (TNGP) grouping of language communities.
Table 1 gives a list of event types, drawing on Croft (1985), Goldberg (1995), Pinker (1989), and Levin (1993) (see also Crookston 1994; Beermann 2001; EAGLES 1996), augmented by our own work on Australian and Austronesian languages
, and that of Nick Evans (pc.
Malay and Iban influences have been especially significant in shaping "Maloh" society, culture, and history, and some scholars of Austronesian languages
, for example, have categorized "Maloh" within a broader "Malay" or "Malayic" sub-category, given the influences of Malay and Iban on the "Maloh" language (Blust 1981; Nothofer 1975, 1988).
The phonological correspondences among Austronesian languages
only show that those modern languages descend from the same ancestral language," said Huang.
He is author of the first single-authored book to cover the entire Austronesian language
family (The Austronesian Languages
, 2009, 2nd ed.