But large segments of people in the region also speak Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic languages
The retention on the peninsula of Austro-Asiatic languages in the face of Austronesian expansion (26) can most simply be explained by the prior establishment, dating back to 2,000 BCE, of Mon-Khmer speaking agricultural societies on the peninsula.
The Semelai word for 'rice plant' and 'unhusked rice seed,' baba, is cognate with ba' in most Aslian languages as well as other Austro-Asiatic languages further north.
The Sanskrit word for shovel is langala and is related to the word for phallus, langula; the Austro-Asiatic languages
use the same word for phallus and shovel; and Rabelais calls the phallus 'nature's ploughman.
Conversely, as one traveled south in China, the Chinese languages began to resemble Austro-asiatic languages
that bordered them in the south.