(n=536) was the most common organism and was present in 27 of the 30 samples.
In contrast, bycatch estimates decreased for Atlantic croaker
and finfish (75% and 6%, respectively).
From the total catches of Atlantic croaker
(3,004) and spot (1,361), subsamples of 514 and 538 specimens of croaker and spot, respectively, were selected for stomach contents analysis.
03 Table 3 Weight-standard length (W-SL) relationships for spot and Atlantic croaker
from all areas of the Cape Fear and Pamlico systems, March-June 1987.
Although YOY Atlantic croaker
are present in some Atlantic coast estuarine habitats during the winter (Hayen, 1957; Bearden, 1964; Dahlberg, 1972; Chao and Musick, 1977; Shenker and Dean, 1979; Bozeman and Dean, 1980; Able and Fahay, 1998), they appear to experience winter mortality in the MAB in years with unusually cold winters (Massman and Pacheco, 1960; Joseph, 1972; Chao and Musick, 1977; Wojcik, 1978).
The early, presumably false, mark that sometimes occurred on summer flounder otoliths and scales appears similar to the first mark reported for Atlantic croaker
otoliths (Barbieri et al.
We conducted trawl surveys concurrently with passive acoustic surveys for young-of-the-year Atlantic croaker
in the Neuse River estuary in North Carolina to assess the utility of passive acoustics to quantify temporal and spatial trends in the density, habitat selection, and associations with environmental variables of this species.
Weakfish and Atlantic croaker
were present in stomachs of recreationally caught striped bass for all years (Table 2).
Atlantic brief squid (Lolliguncula brevis), Atlantic croaker
, mantis shrimp, silver perch (Bairdiella chrysoura), spot, and weakfish accounted for a greater portion of the diet throughout the summer and autumn.
Bycatch estimation To compare the methods of bycatch estimation used in past studies, I estimated the bycatch of Atlantic croaker
, spot, and weakfish (three of the most commonly caught bycatch species) using two categories of statistical estimators: a mean-per-unit estimator using the mean observed bycatch per day expanded by the total number of days fished (the CPUE-mean-per-unit method) and a ratio estimator using the observed ratio of fish to shrimp expanded by the total shrimp landings (the F:S ratio method).
Weakfish, southern kingfish, and Atlantic croaker
commonly occur along the eastern coast of the United States, residing in shallow waters over bottoms of sand or sandy mud.
(Micropogonias undulatus), and red drum Sciaenops ocellatus).
The Atlantic croaker
(Micropogonias undulatus) looks for all the world like a small redfish with a lighter coloring.
These included: Atlantic croaker
, Micropogonias undulatus; black drum, Pogonias cromis; cobia, Rachycentron canadum; king mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalla; lane snapper, Lutjanus synagris; longspine porgy, Stenotomus caprinus; red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus; seatrout, Cynoscion spp.
The chapter uses a model for Atlantic croaker
(Microponias undulates) abundance as related to winter temperatures and overwinter mortality as a case study of potential effects of climate change.