As understood by the Christian theological tradition in the Athanasian
and Chalcedonian creeds, the dual nature of Jesus Christ is what bridges the chasm between the divine and the human.
(18.) I will treat the Nicene (or Nicene-Constantinopolitan) Creed (381 C.E.), the Chalcedonian Definition (451) and the so-called Athanasian
Yet they also separated themselves from Anglicanism, which they saw as having insufficiently distinguished itself from Catholicism in accepting a Bible that included a substantial overlay of church tradition--the three Creeds (Nicene, Apostolic, and Athanasian
), the Thirty-nine Articles, and the Book of Common Prayer of 1662.
Nothing less than the fate of high-modern England is here refracted through what Eliot was later to characterize (Selected Essays 286-88) as the "unified" sensibility of English early modernity, but which Coleridge himself would no doubt rather have understood as a sensibility of the loving and other-welcoming heart attuned (philosophically) to dynamic polarity and (theologically) to the Holy Cross and the Holy Trinity, as the latter is expounded in the "crossing and clamorous clauses" of the Athanasian
Creed (Williams Descent of the Dove 59).
Her Ministers, indeed I do not regard as infallible personages, I have seen too much of them for that--but to the Establishment, with all her faults--the profane Athanasian
Creed excluded--I am sincerely attached.
(2) In modern rendering, "descended to the dead." The traditional words appear also in the Athanasian
Creed, which may have had its origin in the Gallican rite in the fifth century, but in the Nicene Creed, probably affirmed by the Council of Constantinople in 381, Jesus is only said to have "suffered death and was buried." The Apostles' Creed only appears in later texts, but certainly incorporates wording current in fourth-century creeds.
(A useful comparandum would be the fourth-century, Athanasian
Creed, designed formally and theologically to reinforce the sameness, completeness, and unchangingness of the persons of the Trinity.
Several of the foundational documents such as the Athanasian
Creed, the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion and the Catechism, although found in the 1962 Book of Common Prayer, were omitted from the Book of Alternative Services and may be unknown by a generation raised only on the BAS.
Thus Michael Servetus, burnt alive by the Calvinists of Geneva in 1553 for disbelieving in the Trinity as set out in the Athanasian
Creed, declared that we should 'hear what Muhammad says ...
For example, Alexander (Kamehameha IV), a renaissance man in the fullest sense of the term, translated the 1662 Book of Common Prayer into Hawaiian with the exception of the Athanasian
Creed (Kanahele, 1999).
Emlyn immediately "suspected he could nor be a right Athanasian
." Eight years later, when Clarke's Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity was attracting so much attention, Emlyn was invited to Meet Clarke at the house of Robert Cannon.
Hildegard embarked on four preaching tours; she wrote a life of Saints Rupert and Disibod and a treatise on the Benedictine Rule and the Athanasian
Creed; and she is responsible for an invented language.
(11) Williams comments on this divine unity with specific reference even to the Incarnation, writing "even now, in spite of the Athanasian
Creed, the single existence of the Incarnate Word is too often almost Gnostically contemplated as an inhabitation of the flesh by the Word.
Happily, his key work, On the Triniu, coherent with Athanasian
notions of Consubstantiality, survives, as does (in Jerome's Latin) his equally orthodox On the Holy Spirit.
Crucial issues like the Athanasian
consubstantial versus the Arian created conception of the Trinity "had no basis in scripture" (p.