Caption: Figure 1 Computer best-fit sphere derived from the humeral head articular surface
3D computer models.
Current treatment goals are centered on restitution of bony anatomy of the distal radius (radial angle, radial length and volar tilt) with specific attention to the restoration of articular surfaces
of radio-carpal and radio-ulnar joints.13-15 External fixator is a versatile tool that is now well established in the treatment of these fractures.
On the lower part, postoperative CT scan showed satisfying alignment of the bone fragments, with presence of a discrete diastasis at the level of the posterior subtalar fracture, but without irregularity of the articular surface
(Proton Density Sagittal Image) shows the Body of the Lateral Meniscus with a High Signal Intensity Vertical Cleft (Arrow) extending to both the Articular Surfaces
s/o Vertical Tear.
However, when each measurement was normalized by the humeral head diameter, only humeral dimensions 8, 11 to 14, 16, 18, and humeral head articular surface
area were observed to be significantly larger for male humeri than female humeri.
[sup] believed that both the cam and post and the inlay articular surface
were important design points to avoid impingement and edge loading.
Mean values of caudal and cranial articular surface
breadth and caudal vertebral foramen surface area in Emus males and females.
Similar intraoperative pathology specimens were again obtained at the fracture site distal to the articular surface
(Figure 3(b)), and these demonstrated fragments of purple to purple-gray staining matrix with chondroid metaplasia.
Girth of the head: It measures the circumference of the head along its articular surface
Caption: Figure 4 MSU deposition on patellar articular surface
. To view this figure in color, see www.hjdbulletin.org.
The PASA is the included angle formed by the articular surface
of the distal first metatarsal and the longitudinal axis of the first metatarsal.
The articular cartilages from the excised superior articular surface
of tibia and femoral condyles were grossly examined for location and shape of lesions on the superior articular surface
of tibia and femoral condyles.
With reduction in articular surface
, the joint loses its smooth gliding motion and movement becomes limited.
The depressed fracture of the articular surface
is addressed by either elevating through submeniscal approach or from the contralateral bone window, followed by bone grafting or cementing.