Thus, the story of Aspasia, the Greek-born concubine of Artaxerxes II
(not Pericles' pallake but "the other Aspasia," as Pierre Brule names her) as related by Plutarch (Per.
Xenophon, Anabasis 1.4.9, refers to some Syrian villages which in the early fourth century had been given to Parysatis, the mother of Artaxerxes II
, 'to keep her in girdles' ([Greek Text Omitted]).
Among their topics are when a revolt is not a revolt: a case for contingency, Assyria's demise as recompense: narratives of resistance in Babylonia and Judah, Cyrus the Younger and Artaxerxes II
in 401 BC: an Achaemenid civil war reconsidered, a paleoclimatological perspective on revolts under the Ptolemies, and whether the impact of Jewish rebellions 66-135 CE was destruction or provincialization.
Albertz correlates a story of Bagoses in Josephus' Jewish Antiquities 11.297-301 with texts from Elephantine and constructs a complicated but plausible chain of events leading to the command of Artaxerxes II
to Ezra "to prepare and publish a religious document that would allow several central sanctuaries to exist and pave the way for a coexistence of a more inclusive and a more exclusive concept of Jewish identity" (pp.
Another issue was the restoration of the Shaur Palace, built during the reign of the Achaemenid King Artaxerxes II
(around 404-359 BCE).
The unifying theme of this book is the use and justification of torture as an instrument of imperial control, and Lincoln bookends his argument with two shocking descriptions, the first Achaemenid: According to Ctesias (in Plutarch Artaxerxes 16.1-4), Artaxerxes II subjected a Persian soldier to the ordeal of the troughs for revealing how Cyrus the Younger died in the battle of Cunaxa.
In point of fact, Artaxerxes II had one of the longest reigns of any Achaemenid king (404-358 B.C.), he lived to the age of ninety, and kingship was transferred smoothly to his son after his death (although admittedly many contenders had earlier died off in various palace plots).
13 B3.10 29 Mesore 24 March 6 Mesore = Kr 9 Year 1 Artaxerxes II
= 1 Marcheshvan No.
1' (567/66 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar II) (549/48 B.C., Nabonidus) (531/30 B.C., Cyrus) (513/12 B.C., Darius I) 5' (495/94 B.C.) (477/76 B.C., Xerxes) (459/58 B.C., Artaxerxes I) (441/40 B.C.) (423/22 B.C., Darius II) 10' (405/4 B.C.) (387/86 B.C., Artaxerxes II
) (369/68 B.C.) (351/50 B.C., Artaxerxes III) (333/32 B.C., Darius III) 15' (315/14 B.C., Antigonus) (297/96 B.C., Seleucus) (279/78 B.C.) (261/60 B.C.) (243/42 B.C.) Rev.
Robert's interpretation that the original statue was of Ahura-Mazda and served to substantiate the introduction of cult statues by Artaxerxes II, as maintained by Berossus.
Brosius reconsiders the widely held notion, most recently restated by Briant, that the goddesses Artemis Persike and Artemis Anaitis, known in Asia Minor from a variety of Greek sources, were hellenized manifestations of the Persian deity Anahita, first introduced into Persia by Artaxerxes II. Reexamining, in particular, relevant passages in Pausanius, Brosius concludes rather that, in fact, these deities were "persianized" manifestations of the cult of Artemis.
In Teil V widmet sich die Autorin den Wasserstandsangaben des Euphrat, die in den Tagebuchern ab -383 (Artaxerxes II
. 20) monatlich, ab -338 (Artaxerxes III.
It became a personal name in Parthian times and took the Middle Persian form of Ardasir.(1) Of the three Achaemenids, Artaxerxes II
(404-358 B.C.E.) ruled the longest.
31) is probably from the reign of Artaxerxes II
, 402 B.C.
Arsekka: perhaps < Iranian *rsan- + -ikka; presumably not Arsakes, but perhaps Greek Arsikas, the given name of Artaxerxes II