Parthia

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an ancient kingdom in Asia to the southeast of the Caspian Sea

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References in periodicals archive ?
Arsacids, Romans, and Local Elites: Cross-Cultural Interactions of the Parthian Empire
Under Arsacid rule, Dvin prospered as one of the most
The new Armenian situation after 63, a Parthian Arsacid as the Armenian king but crowned by Rome, would require Roman troops on the upper Euphrates as a permanent fixture.
Keywords: Hellenism; time reckoning; intercalary months; Gandhara; epigraphy; Arsacid calendar; Macedonian calendar; eras of Azes, Kaniska, Yavana.
Whether Justin belongs to the fourth century or the early third, one phrase in the passage which has convinced many scholars that he must have been writing before the Sassanian Persian Empire supplanted the Arsacid Parthian Empire in the 220s(12) deserves a closer examination than it has received from most of those who have written about Justin.
are messages from the king and his court to the people at all levels', 39], and Gruen on `puzzles, problems, and possibilities' or rather on what has been said in the other contributions) and four with the particular (the Seleucids, Arsacid Iran, the Bithynian and Hasmonean kings, all of which display considerable variation and certainly do not conform to a single model).
Parthika: Greek and Roman Authors' Views of the Arsacid Empire
Archaeology, texts, and oral traditions preserved by mythological narratives confirm that the relations of Iran simultaneously with the West and China, via both the Silk Road and the Persian Gulf (Akbarzadeh 2008), went at least as far back as the reign of Mihrdad II (123-87 BC) in the Arsacid period.
In 427 the Arsacid monarchy came to an end, and amid the feuding of various noble families, the patriarch emerged as the symbol of Armenian unity and resistance to increased Sassanian control, which included attempts to enforce Zoroastrianism.
If Rome's centuries of war with Persia of the home-grown Arsacid dynasty (247 BC-AD 224) intermittently rewarded the West with a larger share trade goods of Asia, it also brought in Mithraism a religion that was to pervade the empire, including its outposts along Hadrian's Wall in northern England.
Tyche offering a diadem to the enthroned monarch is the standard reverse type of later Arsacid tetradrachms, but Artabanus III had introduced a variation by showing her holding an untied diadem .
More importantly, it straddled the border between the Roman and Arsacid, later Sasanid, Empires, he says, and the modest oasis settlement grew into one of the major cities of antiquity largely because of its role in trade between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Nevertheless, the heterogram ZY (which I argue to be the origin of the Mandaic d and the ZY of the Psalter and Book Pahlavi scripts) does in fact occur in the Parthian inscriptions of the Arsacid period.
Holger Gzella's "Aramaic in the Parthian Period: The Arsacid Inscriptions" discusses the new Aramaic texts recently discovered in diverse places: Hatra and Assur, Elymais (north of the Persian Gulf), as well as traces of Aramaic in the Persian Gulf.
It was one of the first lands the Arsacid kings acquired.