belated return for Christ?' the reception of Arnold Toynbee
To be sure, universal history, the attempt to provide a single overarching story of the past, received considerable popular attention in the mid-twentieth century with massive multivolume projects by the likes of Arnold Toynbee
and Will and Ariel Durant.
More precisely, the book superimposes Jungian psychological archetypes onto the view, drawn from historians such as Arnold Toynbee
, that history follows predictable, recurring patterns.
He has written and lectured widely on Buddhism, humanism, and ethics, and he has published dialogues with global figures such as Arnold Toynbee
, Linus Pauling, and Mikhail Gorbachev.
The authors rely on the historical concept of Arnold Toynbee
, especially on his formula 'call-and-answer'.
Among the thinkers he favorably cites are Aristotle, Lewis Mumford, Arnold Toynbee
, Alexis de Tocqueville, Robert Putnam, Thomas Jefferson, and Sale's mentor, the late Austrian economist Leopold Kohr.
The second author was the British historian Arnold Toynbee
, who in a 1948 essay drew a parallel between the Jews of Jesus' time and Muslims in his day.
In 1970, historian Arnold Toynbee
had the following to say about India's role in contemporary history.
toured the project at Lashkar Gah and reported it "has become a piece of America inserted into the Afghan landscape ...
"Redemption in history" was a recurring expression in Lonergan's earlier writings, and in this light he read in some depth authors such as Arnold Toynbee
, Christopher Dawson, and later Wilhelm Dilthey.
Professor Arnold Toynbee
introduced his 12-volume masterpiece with 'A Study of History', which convincingly describes how in the last 500 years the whole face of the globe, together with its air envelope, has been knit together physically by the amazing advance of technology, but Mankind, even neighbours, have not yet been united politically, and we are all still strangers to each other in our local ways of life, inherited from times before the recent annihilation of distance.
The setting is Montreal, where the famed British historian Arnold Toynbee
, a specialist in international affairs, delivered a controversial lecture to students at McGill University.
Oswald Spenger's The Decline of the West started the trend in 1918, followed by Arnold Toynbee
, Paul Kennedy and, most recently, Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson in Why Nations Fail.
In Pius XII's phrase, it has turned man into "a more perfect tool in industrial production and a perfected tool for mechanized warfare." The result of this, as noted by Lewis Mumford, is that "never before have machines been so perfect, and never before have men sunk so low." Antoine de Saint-Exupery grieves that the voice we hear is that of the "propaganda robot," and Arnold Toynbee
that we have become "a race of technician-morons." Tradition frees us from serving the machine by restoring our sense of mystery and wonder.