Therapeutic bronchoscopy with immediate effect: Laser, electrocautery, argon plasma coagulation
Other hemostatic methods encountered were represented by bipolar coagulation +hemoclipping and argon plasma coagulation
Treatment options include dilation of the stenotic airway with a balloon or debulking with a bronchoscope, laser therapy, argon plasma coagulation
, electrocautery, cryotherapy, and insertion of silicone or self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) .
Farin G and Grund K E Technology of argon plasma coagulation
with particular regard to endoscopic applications.
The endoscopic and histologic ablation rates for patients who underwent multipolar electrocoagulation were 88% and 81%, respectively; the endoscopic and histologic ablation rates for patients who underwent argon plasma coagulation
were 81% and 67%, respectively.
Last published as Manual of gastroenterologic procedures in 1993, the fourth edition adds chapters on endoscopic ultrasound, fine needle aspiration biopsy, Stretta, Enteryx injection, and argon plasma coagulation