In a related context, King Ferdinand entrusted Columbus with a letter to be given to the indigenous Taino / Arawak
10) Por otro lado, la supremacia de factores culturales amerindios, como la lengua y algunas practicas productivas, tendria que ver con una mayor adaptacion y dominio del medio geografico de estos pueblos caribes y arawaks
en las Antillas desde tiempos bien anteriores a los del inicio de la llegada de africanos.
A Brief History of the Caribbean: From the Arawak
and Carib to the Present.
Estas diferentes poblaciones Warao tienen tras de si unos tres mil anos de contacto interetnico, desde que hablantes Arawak
y, mas tarde, Caribe, se trasladaron al delta del Orinoco, llevando consigo los complejos conocimientos tecnicos del procesamiento de la prensa de la yuca (aruhuba), ralladores (werekoina) y budares de arcilla (horubasa) y, aun mas importante, embarcaciones aptas para travesias marinas.
In 1634, the Dutch wrested control of the island from the Spaniards, who had previously grabbed it from the first inhabitants, the Arawaks
To tell the story from the viewpoint of the Arawaks
involves an Arawak
Historically, the "taino warrior" was the participant in the guazdbara, or the war cry of the Arawaks
, a "hybrid fighting system that incorporates ancient Spanish sword play, native close quarter battle strategy as well as guerilla warfare tactics and the cultural philosophy of the Taino Warriors to form a balanced blend that symbolizes the fighting spirit of the Puerto Rican people" (http://www.
Indigenous groups, such as the Arawaks
, also migrated among the islands in the Caribbean.
Sheller, Mimi, Consuming the Caribbean: From Arawaks
to Zombies, London and New York, Routledge, 2003.
La colonizacion espanola fue inmediata, asi como el exterminio de la poblacion autoctona de los Arawaks
lo que obligo a los conquistadores a llevar esclavos negros.
In that inevitable taking of sides which comes from selection and emphasis in history, I prefer to try to tell the story of the discovery of America from the viewpoint of the Arawaks
, of the Constitution from the standpoint of the slaves, of Andrew Jackson as seen by the Cherokees, of the Civil War as seen by the New York Irish, of the Mexican war as seen by the deserting soldiers of Scott's army, of the rise of industrialism as seen by the young women in the Lowell textile mills, of the Spanish-American war as seen by the Cubans, the conquest of the Philippines as seen by black soldiers on Luzon, the Gilded Age as seen by southern farmers, the First World War as seen by socialists, the Second World War as seen by pacifists, the New Deal as seen by peons in Latin America.
Caribs, Aztecs, Arawaks
, Incas and Mayans were all conquered and obliterated.
Moreover, the lives of the historical people who underlie Warner's characters--for example, the indigenous Caribs and Arawaks
not baseball as such, but a calendar and sacred alphabet, a chronicle that begins in the mountains of Eurasia and Sinai and ends up counting moons and carving rocks among the Penobscots of the north, Arawaks
of Venezuela and Paraguay, Huichols of the Sierra Madre, Marquesans in Polynesia, Aranda of the Australian outback, Nachez of the Mississippi Valley.
Although the Arawaks
and Caribs were eventually "exterminated by disease, warfare, and suicide" (Davis 791), some of the instruments they played, such as maracas (shakers) and the guiro (scraper), continue to be used in some Caribbean bands.