A Brief History of the Caribbean: From the Arawak
and Carib to the Present.
The phrase is written in three languages, including Papiamento, a blend of Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, French, English, Arawak
and a smattering of African tongues that the slaves used as a form of communication.
See Peter Hulme, Colonial Encounters: Europe and the Native Caribbean 1492-1797 (London: Routledge, 1992) 45-87, for an account of representations of Caribs and Arawaks
From a culture with strict rules about guilds and women's role in society, Merian moved to a slave-powered tropical country where the Caribs and Arawaks
were now more wary of Europeans and Africans than of each other.
Archeological digs lead Agorsah to conclude that Arawaks
were the first people in Nannytown and were gradually absorbed into later Maroon migrations (182).
cannot be exposed: like the history of the Arawaks
or the Haitians
Originally populated by Arawaks
and Caribs it was uninhabited when the English arrived in 1625 and claimed it in the name of James 1.
Although Hulme does not mention this, it is also possible that when the Arawaks
described the Caribs to Columbus as having "one eye in the forehead" (p.
Haiti, pays des Arawaks
, devenu Hispaniola apres sa decouverte-conquete, fut la premiere colonie d'Europe en Amerique a pratiquer le nouvel esclavage colonial.
They took over an island the Arawaks
called Cigatoo, renaming it Eleuthera, after the Greek word for freedom.
occupation; relentless struggles with fellow islanders, the Dominicans; subjugation by both the Spanish and French, and the total annihilation of the original stock of Haitians, often referred to as Arawaks
, the task of translating complicated simultaneously concurrent Haitian relationships in a manner reflecting the simple stories that Haitians habitually tell one another in Creole demands, if it is to have international credence, an imagination rooted in the written literature of disparate nationalities and the specific oral tradition of a country Danticat has only sporadically visited since her earliest teens.
In pre-Columbian times, it belonged to Xaragua, the most southwestern of the five divisions of the island of Ayiti ("Land of the Mountains") established by the Arawaks
Ainsi Colomb (les doux Arawaks
et les effrayants Cannibales), Cartier (les accueillants Micmacs et les Beothuks hostiles) Thevet-Lery (les allies Tupinambas et les ennemis Tupinikin), etc.
See Cheyfitz concerning Columbus's first use of the term canybal: 'For in the journal entry, Columbus claims that the Arawaks
described not only human-eating humans to him, but also "people who had one eye in the forehead".
As was their wont, the Spanish shipped the Arawaks
off to their other territories to work as slaves in their gold mines.