Archaeological and linguistic analyses suggest that the Arawakan
languages, like the Cariban languages but in an earlier period, may have spread from a place of origin in the Amazon down the Orinoco valley to the Caribbean coast and into the Caribbean islands by 2,500 byp (Heckenberger 2013).
2002) Comparative Arawakan
histories: rethinking language group and culture area in Amazonia.
It is not possible to trace with certainty an origin of the Guayaberos, but the evidence here presented suggests that these populations may possibly have an Andean-Eastern plains origin more rather than an Amazon origin, notwithstanding some of the Guayabero's ancient practices--such as consumption of manioc--which presents some resemblances to the Tukanoan and Arawakan
practices, in the Amazon Basin.
2002 "Prophetic Traditions among the Baniwa and other Arawakan
Peoples of the Northwest Amazon".
Collectively, the volume aims to be inclusive in its coverage of key culture groups and includes papers discussing warfare and violence among the Maya, Aztecs, Zapotecs, Arawakan
Taino, Moche, Cotacachi, Waorani, Tupinamba, and the hunter gatherers of the Gran Chaco.
Table 1 -- The sample Arauan (0/8) Paumari Arawakan
(2/22) Warekena Arutani-sape (0/1) -- Carib (2/21) Apalai, Hixkaryana, Macushi, Waiwai Chapakura-w.
Kuwe Duwakalumi: the Arawakan
sacred routes of migration, trade, and resistance.
Vincent, with the mixing of African and Arawakan
L'auteur presente d'abord un tableau des contrastes systematiques entre les pratiques chamaniques paye et kubu des groupes Arawakan
et Tukanoan consideres comme un ensemble, en soulignant la relation existant entre chaque type et la structure sociale ou il se niche.
The full story is of course complicated by the mediation of some words through Spanish, Portuguese, and French; a subject which is touched on here in the chapter 'First Words from the New World', which deals with the earliest borrowings from the West Indies (such as 'canoe' and 'cannibal') and South America, with sections detailing loanwords from the Arawakan
, Cariban, Nahuatl, Tupian, and Quechuan languages.
For three provinces-I01 (Sea Gypsies or Boat People), S07 (Eastern Arawakan
Peoples), and S17 (Guarani and Coastal Tupi Peoples)--all of the available societies had missing data on both property variables and thus could not be used in this study.
Deliberate mistranslation of the word carib in Arawakan
and Cariban languages into Caliban via the Spanish word Canibalis is cited as another instance of the failure as well as the violence of translation (41).
The ancestors also gave the Garifuna their characteristic music, which incorporates both African and Native American drum rhythms and song patterns, and an expressive language made up of Arawakan
and Cariban (the original languages of the Caribs) and Yoruba, a West African language.
Benoit Berard defines the material world and settlement patterns of Saladoid peoples in the Caribbean and outlines their connections with mainland Arawakan