Among the topics are new light on linguistic diversity in pre-Achaemenid Aramaic: wandering Arameans
or language spread, whether material evidence of Aramean
influences and presences in Iron Age Judah and Israel can be found, the Battle of Ramoth-gilead and the rise of the Aramean
hegemony in the southern Levant during the second half of the ninth century BCE, Babylonian scribal practices in rural contexts: a linguistic survey of the documents of Judean exiles and West Semites in Babylonia (CUSAS 28 and BaAr 6), how Mesopotamian Ahiqar the Wise was: a search for Ahiqar in cuneiform texts, and Arameans
Azzoni also notes the complex ethnic reality at Elephantine, noting that the same person can be called Judean and Aramean
in different documents.
The two-year-old from the village of Jish became Israel's first Aramean
citizen this week.
The ministry said that Christians will be registered as Arameans
instead of Arabs.
After citing various atrocities by Assyrians, Arameans
, and Ammonites, he observes: "Moses' policy was a more enlightened one.
nationalists, who trace an identity to the Arameans
of antiquity, primarily belong to the Syriac Orthodox Church -- one of the main Christian denominations in Syria after the Antiochian Greek Orthodox Church and the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, whose adherents tend to see themselves as just Arabs.
We might ask: Who might be today the wandering Arameans
and what nation might represent Egypt, a strong but fearful empire?
It is as old as human civilization, and has seen conquerors from the Hittites to the Arameans
, the Seleucids, the Romans, the Byzantines, all the way to Salah al-Din, who built atop their ruins, and both the citadel and Aleppo then endured to our present day.
Syria was occupied successively by Canaanites, Phoenicians, Hebrews, Arameans
, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Nabataeans, Byzantines, and, in part, Crusaders before finally coming under the control of the Ottoman Turks.
when it was occupied successively by Canaanites, Phoenicians, and Arameans
After God blinded the Arameans
with light, Elisha led them to Samaria and prayed that the Arameans
' eyes be opened (2 Kings 6:18-20).
The Iron Age IIA culminates in northern Israel in the last half of the ninth century BCE, with a rash of destructions that are attributed to the incursion of the Arameans
led by King Hazael of Damascus.
Did I not bring Israel up from the land of Egypt, and the Philistines from Caphtor and the Arameans
Once the language of the Middle East and beyond, Aramaic can still be heard in villages of Northern Iraq, Eastern Turkey and Syria and also in the United States, where Assyrians, Chaldeans and Arameans
still use the language as part of their liturgy.
Israelites, Edomites, Moabites, Amonites and Arameans
colonise 960-922 BC Reign of Solomon 722 BC Assyrians destroy Israel 612 BC Babylonians capture Nineveh, Assyrians capital 597-587 BC Jerusalem, Palestine and Jordan fall to Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar c300 BC Nabataeans establish kingdom in Petra and dominate the region for almost 400 years 333 BC Alexander the Great conquers Syria, Palestine and Egypt 323 BC Death of Alexander.