may have been part of the Sea Peoples that had destroyed the Late Bronze Age West but they also may have migrated from the Syrian and Arabian deserts in the period of Carchemian ascendancy that straddled the Bronze Age and early Iron Age periods.
God then orders him to take his family and move to Canaan, presumably to eliminate the influence Aramaean
paganism is having on them.
These volumes present recent research on the Aramaeans
and the biblical world of which they were a part.
Later, the Chaldeans (Aramaeans
living in Babylon) installed a short-lived dynasty that lasted less than a century, until 2538 b.p., when the Persians, an Indo-European people settled in the highlands of Iran, conquered Babylon and divided Mesopotamia into two satraps or provinces: Assyria (Upper Mesopotamia) and Babylon (Lower Mesopotamia).
He concedes uncertainty about discerning policies based on "self-conscious" ethnicity, as with the Aramaeans
, for example.
When tribally (i.e., personalistically) organized groups -- Amorites around 2000 B.C., and Aramaeans
after 1100 B.C.
In Mesopotamia, though, the Assyrian and Babylonian kings had settled vast numbers of "Aramaeans
" and other western Semites, whereas many settlers in Syria-Palestine must have been of East Semitic and Iranian-speaking background: see B.
Through the influence of the Aramaeans
, who borrowed the Babylonian pronunciation Bel, the god ultimately became known as the Greek Belos, identified with Zeus.
At the same time many Persians and persianized Aramaeans
received positions as 'secretaries' or civil servants."(57) In an attempt to identify this ideological shift, Lapidus says that "the new dynasty returned to the principles of 'Umar II" and that the "new regime committed itself to the deliberate recruitment of a wide and representative spectrum of Middle Eastern elites and promoted them to the highest military and administrative offices."(58) However, if left at that, Lapidus would be describing only the tip of the iceberg, since this "deliberate recruitment of a wide and representative spectrum" confirms the presence of a systematic and conscious policy.
Looking for Luwians, Aramaeans
and Assyrians in the Tell Ahmar Stratigraphy.
In sections on place, daily practice, and power, they consider such topics as movement across the landscape and residential stability in the southern Levantine Early Bronze Age; subsistence actions at Catalhoyuk; the practice of decorating Late Neolithic pottery in northern Mesopotamia; whether early Islamic pottery indicates a revolution in diet and dining habits; Assyrians, Aramaeans
, and the indigenous peoples of Iron Age southeastern Anatolia; and the Hittite state.
And he [Ahaziah] went with Joram ben-Ahab to war with Hazael, King of Aram, at Ramoth-gilead, and the Aramaeans
1116), and soon made a reputation as a great conqueror; his first campaign subdued the Moschi, who had overrun some Assyrian provinces along the upper Euphrates; he next conquered Commagene (region between the Toros Daglari and the Euphrates, now southeastern Turkey) and then invaded Cappadocia (central Turkey), driving out the Hittites; next he raided into the Kurdish mountains to the north (1115-1112); he attacked Comana (exact site unknown) in Cappadocia, and left an account of his victories on a copper plate inside a fortress he built to guard his new conquests (1111); he later undertook campaigns against the Aramaeans
in northern Syria; thrice he advanced as far as the sources of the Tigris (1110-1100); he died about 1093.
The Canaanites, Aramaeans
, Phoenicians, and Philistines are given no treatment.
This is particularly so when dealing with the Aramaeans
of Iron Age Syria, concerning whom many new and exciting finds have been revealed in the last few years.