First, Gabbar and other predecessors other than Haya, Kilamuwa's father, as well as his brother, may have been of another, possibly Aramaean
The labor of love, undertaken by a small technical team, was financed by the banking family of Max von Oppenheim, the archeologist who first discovered the Aramaean
palace of Tell Halaf shortly before the outbreak of World War I in an area today located in northern Syria, on the border with Turkey.
What would seem to work against this answer is Laban, who would have had to marry in for his daughters to be acceptable as wives for Jacob, yet he and his father are described as Aramaeans
, not Hebrews.
which overwhelmed the Ur III empires, and the Aramaean
migration that followed the Amarna age (around the 1100s B.
Its Temple of Jupiter, built on the site of the old temple of the Aramaean
god Hadad, was one of the largest in the whole of the East and sections that still exist today are its oldest architectural remains.
The whole history of salvation takes place within the continuing history of creation and shows how God affirms and accepts identities: starting with the election of a particular person, the wandering Aramaean
, Abraham, the covenant with a specific people, Israel and its twelve tribes.
The New American Bible: Revised Edition (NABRE) has My father was a refugee Aramaean
Ten essays are: Geshur: the southwesternmost Aramean Kingdom; Arameans, Chaldeans, and Arabs in cuneiform sources from the Late Babylonian Period; nachbarn, verwandte, feinde und gefahrten: Die oAramaero im Alten Testament; the political history and historical geography of the Aramean, Chaldean, and Arab tribes in Babylonia in the Neo-Assyrian Period; the Arameans in the West (13th-8th centuries); Early Iron Age KinneretuEarly Aramaean
or just Late Canaanite?
More plausible, in my opinion, is the view of Fitzmyer, A Wandering Aramaean
This volume truly contains a rich and very comprehensive treatment of just about every major topic that one could wish to find in such a volume and even provides overviews of Aramaeans
in other parts of the ancient Near East, as well as of the Aramaean
Hadadezer of Damascus, as has been seen, was almost certainly the Ben-Hadad who had within the past three years launched and lost Aramaean
Wars I and II against Israel, waged at about the same time Shalmaneser was battering Ahuni of Bit-Adini.
Notably, at least one site was part of an Aramaean
kingdom (Bethsaida, the capital of Geshur), and it is possible that a few others were under Aramaean
control prior to their destruction at the hands of the Assyrians, and therefore outside the kingdom of Israel.
These consist of the Mesopotamian gate/dock, the Phoenician "port of trade," the Greco-Hellenistic agora, the Roman forum, the Palmyrene commercial caravan, the Aramaean
suqa, the Sasanian waz.
As a result of the Aramaean
siege and subsequent destruction, Safi/Gath lost prominence in the region.
In chapter 3, "Defining the Neo-Hittites," Bryce rightly questions the modern classification of these Iron Age kingdoms as a distinctive group for which the appellation "Neo-Hittite" is appropriate, to be distinguished in particular from the neighboring Aramaean
states west of the Euphrates.