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  • noun

Synonyms for Arhat

a Buddhist who has attained nirvana


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The ability of women to become arahants also features prominently as an argument for founding an order of bhikkhunis in a range of different Vinayas and parallel discourse versions.
Now, according to a Vinaya rule, fully ordained monastics are prohibited from communicating their status as arahants to those who are not fully ordained.
What we can be sure of is that the Nikayas posit a correlation, broken only by arahants, between certain kinds of action and certain kinds of event associated with the agent in a perhaps distant future.
I have only offered a very tentative and metaphorical response here: as a spider knows, and in a certain sense conforms to, its web is able to walk away as well as to benefit from it, the arahant, having mastered the cosmic order through conforming participation, is able to "leave" the bonds of rebirth and the law of karma.
I find a key to understanding in some texts where the arahants are criticized by the Buddha.
Similarly, the mention in the text of two of the other most severe sins, that of killing arahants or spilling the blood of a Buddha, does not presuppose contemporary belief in the current existence of arahants or a Buddha.
In the Upasakamanussavinaya the standard set of five extremely grave offenses, namely killing one's parents or an arahant, spilling the blood of a Buddha, causing schism in the Sangha, or raping a nun, not only ensure hell but also make one parajika 'defeated', i.
Part of Keown's motivation for maintaining a unified ethics, and for insisting on the referential equivalence of these two terms, is his rejection of what he calls the "transcendency thesis," whereby the ethics of ordinary people aim at a happy rebirth but arahants transcend ethics and are beyond good and evil.
In Adam's interpretation, kusala actions, with an important exception not only for those of arahants but also for those of sekhas, that is, sotapannas, sakadagamis, and anagamis, are here represented as having bright results, thus, as being punna.
The presentation in the Samyukta-agama discourse and in the (Mula-)Sarvastivada Vinaya receives an unexpected confirmation from the Pali commentary on the Anguttara-nikaya, according to which with Nandaka's second instruction the nuns had indeed all become arahants.
Hence the circumstance that the commentaries to the Angutiara-nikaya and the Theragatha and Thetigatha report that all nuns became arahants whereas the Pali discourse mentions a lesser outcome could be taken to suggest that a later development has taken place, which enhanced the abilities of the nuns.
A related position can be found in the Jain tradition, as according to the Jinacaritra (17) in Jacobi (38,9) future arahants or wheel-turning kings will avoid taking birth in a low womb or even in a Brahmin womb.
52) Here it needs to be pointed out that this inability does not imply, as assumed by An (11), that women are not capable of reaching liberation and be arahants, it only concerns the question of being a Buddha.
I recollect that thirty-one aeons [ago] the Tathagata Sikhin, (43) an arahant, fully awakened, had appeared in the world.
Nevertheless, even in the case of outstanding mae chis the fact that they are not fully ordained has its impact: Seeger ("Reversal" 18f) reports that to accord arahant status to a highly accomplished mae chi can be problematic, because of "the Thai belief that the status of someone not properly ordained would be 'too weak'" to continue living as an arahant.