In the article, Frankford accused POUM, and especially its commander, Georges Kopp, of secretly helping the Fascists on the Aragon front
in northeast Spain and of deliberately rebelling against their Communist allies in Barcelona.
After some sketchy training, Carne finds himself serving with the POUM militia on the Aragon front.
Tearing up his party card, he rejoins his POUM comrades on the Aragon front, where defeat and betrayal at the hands of the Popular Army soon follow.
13)Second, Casanova argues not only that speculation and inflation survived in Aragon, but that the collectives were economic failures, unable to solve "the problems of production and exchange," whereas Kelsey maintains that the collectives eliminated the speculation and inflation common to war economies, ably supplied the Aragon front
, and introduced "a profound measure of rationalisation to village society, ensuring both full employment and maximum production.