Those were very good days," said Duzdar, whose family moved to Jordan after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war
, and returned to occupied Jerusalem later.
Since the establishment of the state of Israel in May 1948, there have been the Arab-Israeli war
of 1948, the Suez war of 1956, the Six-Day war of June 1967, the War of Attrition of 1969-1970, the October 1973 war, the 1978 invasion of southern Lebanon, the 1982 invasion of Lebanon, the first intifada of 1989, the second intifada of 2000, the 2006 Lebanon war, and the 2008 Gaza war, repeated in 2012 and 2014.
The author touches upon the plight of the Palestinians displaced as a result of the 1948 and 1967 Arab-Israeli wars
To Israelis the 1948 Arab-Israeli war
is "The War of Independence', a gargantuan struggle of a Jewish David against an Arab Goliath.
Billed as the Arab-Israeli wars
from 1948 to 1973, it fails to deliver on a number of counts.
The subsequent history of the Middle East was punctuated by six other Arab-Israeli wars
, although none of them had such far-reaching consequences and none generated so much controversy.
Relying on carefully documented accounts, they demonstrated that Jewish immigration, accompanied by land confiscation since the early 1920s, the devastating effects of the 1948 and 1967 Arab-Israeli wars
and their subsequent refugee problems, and current misery of the Palestinian people were largely caused by Zionist and British policies.
Indeed, those fears proved well justified and were, if anything, intensified by events surrounding the 1967 and 1973 Arab-Israeli wars
Other geopolitical conflicts that occurred as the economy was already weak or weakening include the Arab-Israeli wars
of 1967 and 1973, and the failed attack on Cuba at the Bay of Pigs (1961, leading to the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962).
The Arab-Israeli wars
of 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973; the fifteen-year Lebanese civil war, 1975-1990; Israel's invasion of Lebanon in 1982; the eight- year Iraq-Iran war, 1980-1988; Israel's occupation of the West Bank, Gaza, and the Golan Heights since 1967, and occupation of southern Lebanon since 1982; and the Palestinian Intifada, initiated in 1987, all reflect this turbulence in the system, but this was by-and-large absorbed by the system through realignments among states and among political actors via the channels and processes of the Arab political system.
There have been five other Arab-Israeli wars
Already, the notion of a Judeo-Christian conspiracy, prevalent during all the Arab-Israeli wars
since 1948, dominated the commentaries in the media and among individuals.