antitoxin

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  • noun

Words related to antitoxin

an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin

References in periodicals archive ?
After the appearance of similar symptoms in the other family members, they were treated with polyvalent botulinum antitoxin and diagnosis was confirmed by toxicology and detection of serotype A botulinum toxin in cheese and stool samples.
In the early 1890s, Emil von Behring used serum from a hyperimmune horse (challenged with sublethal dose of Corynebacterium diphtheriae) to develop equine diphtheria antitoxin (DAT), which seemed to confer passive immunity to patients with diphtheria (2).
Titration of Clostridium welchii epsilon-toxin and antitoxins.
It provides a strong foundation for this new contract which will expand the company's efforts to include Type C and Type D antitoxins, added Dr Scannon.
One of these antitoxins is currently being used to develop a new drug called Brevenal that will be used to treat cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the effects of Florida red tide exposure and even Ciguatera fish poisoning.
He argued that each cell had a supply of lateral chains acting as well as cellular receptors for toxins, or as antitoxins, as well, once they were released into the blood (6,8).
Blake's work in developing antitoxins for bio-terrorist weapons is interrupted when she is called upon to assist in the murder investigation of a businessman dressed to look like a homeless person.
The final choice for stockpiling anthrax i antitoxins may hinge on the drugs' prices and ease of storage as well as their effectiveness, Baker says.
Whereas the toxin produced by isolates derived from mammalian botulism was neutralized only with type C antitoxin, the toxins of all isolates related to avian botulism were neutralized with both type C and D antitoxins.
Later studies showed that laboratory animals injected with a serum derived from horses with chronic grass sickness were protected from the bacillus botulinum toxin, suggesting that antitoxins - `defensive' proteins developed in response to exposure to a disease - present in the serum were responsible for the protection.
In Berlin, Koch's assistants Emil Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato had discovered the principle of passive immunity and antitoxins.
MedWatch reporting is not limited to drugs and medical devices, but also includes biologic products (therapeutic sera, toxins, antitoxins, blood, blood components or derivatives, allergenic products, biotechnology therapeutics); special nutritional products (dietary supplements, infant formulas, and medical foods); and cosmetics.
With a staff of research scientists, well-equipped laboratories, and new techniques in marketing and sales, the company became a major supplier of vaccines and antitoxins at the turn of the century.
Vaccines prevent illness by boosting the body's ability to make antibodies so the body recognizes and eliminates a bacteria or virus; with antitoxins, antibodies are injected directly into the body to neutralize the bacteria or virus.
Medical specialists can treat anthrax infection using antibiotics and antitoxins.