The aim of this systematic review was to ascertain the effect of fibre, antispasmodics
and peppermint oil in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
The study said: "Ispaghula husk, antispasmodics
(especially hyoscine) and peppermint oil are all effective treatments for irritable bowel syndrome.
The research team led by Dr Alex Ford performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials comparing fibre, antispasmodics
and peppermint oil with placebo or no treatment in more than 2500 adult patients with IBS, reports the British Medical Journal.
Oral medications include antiinflammatory drugs, antispasmodics
, antihistamines and muscle relaxants.
(eg, flavoxate) and tricyclic antidepressants have also been used with limited efficacy.
Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, and treatment is tailored to the patient's specific symptoms; antidiarrheals in diarrhea-predominant IBS, fiber and laxatives in constipation-predominant IBS, and antispasmodics
for abdominal pain.
These include theophylline and other bronchodilators, thyroid hormones, caffeine, and anticholinergics, such as antispasmodics
During the Cuban missile crisis in 1962 he was taking antispasmodics
to control colitis and antibiotics for a urinary tract infection.
All the President's pills; WHAT JFK TOOK IN AVERAGE DAY TO STAY ALIVE Codeine, Demerol, methadone, Meprobamate, Librium, thyroid hormones, barbiturates, gamma globulin, antispasmodics, antibiotics, hydrocortisone, testosterone, salt tablets, Ritalin and procaine
Pain medications (especially narcotics), antacids that contain aluminum, antispasmodics
, antidepressants, iron supplements, diuretics, and anticonvulsants for epilepsy can slow passage of bowel movements.
Additionally, at least 85 percent of surveyed PCPs and gastroenterologists currently prescribe conventional IBS treatments such as laxatives, antidiarrheals and antispasmodics
Alkaloids Androgens Antidepressants Antiemetics Antispasmodics
CNS Stimulants Cholinesterase Inhibitors Dopamine Agonists Hormone Replacement Hypotensive Agents Local Anesthetics NSAIDs Opioid Analgesics Progestrins Trinitrates
The final part of this series covers the use of infliximab, anticholinergics / antispasmodics
, gastrointestinal stimulants, and anorectal preparations in pregnant and lactating women.
Many drugs have been used to treat tinnitus, hyperacusis, and hearing loss; anesthetics, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, anxiolytics, antispasmodics
, antihistamines, diuretics, vasoactive medications, herbs, and others have been mentioned in the literature.
Dosing and treatment cost information is provided for pharmaceutical treatments such as bulking agents, osmotic laxatives, anti-diarrheal agents, antispasmodics
, tricyclic antidepressants, 5-HT4 partical agonists, and 5-HT3 receptor antagonists.