Previous studies have demonstrated that antiretroviral drugs
can prevent HIV infection, but existing methods for delivering the drug fall short.
The second major PrEP worry involves those who contract HIV while taking the regimen--there's a chance they could become resistant to other antiretroviral drugs
The preventive effects of antiretroviral drugs
and prophylactic antibiotics with regard to the development of HIV vasculopathy are not known.
Still, some plans have charged higher copayments for other combination antiretroviral drugs
Sweet, a speaker for both companies and for other antiretroviral drug
manufacturers, said one of the potential benefits is a reduction in prescription copayments, although she has had patients who have been charged higher copayments for combination antiretroviral drugs
His study's "surprising" findings also suggest that it may not be necessary to prophylactically treat infants of infected mothers directly, provided the at-risk babies are getting therapeutic doses of the highly active antiretroviral drugs
from their mothers' milk, reported Dr.
We want to encourage physicians, pharmacists and beneficiaries to discuss why beneficiaries may not be taking their antiretroviral drugs
correctly and to remove barriers to doing so.
Study results presented at the meeting on the new protease inhibitor tipranavir also suggested that this drug would work best when coupled with at least one other active antiretroviral drug
PMTCT interventions include antiretroviral drug
prophylaxis, optimal obstetric care, infant feeding counseling, and family planning.
Resistance testing to determine antiretroviral drug
susceptibility "is now the standard of care" in most parts of the United States, Dr.
Genetic differences among people infected with HIV might help identify the 5 percent of patients who will suffer allergic reactions, ranging from rashes to anaphylactic shock, when given the antiretroviral drug
Because no gender difference exists for initiating or applying antiretroviral drug
regimens, the guidelines for treating women are the same as those for treating men.
There are general guidelines for antiretroviral drug
use during pregnancy for HIV-infected women, but the potential impact of such therapy on the fetus and infant is unknown.
In January 2005, the FDA announced it had granted tentative approval for a co-packaged antiretroviral drug
manufactured by Aspen.
In a new approach to HIV prevention, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation will fund a multinational trial of the antiretroviral drug
tenofovir, taken orally once daily by HIV negative persons at high risk, to see if it can prevent HIV infection.